DOCUMENT RESUMEED 434 006AUTHORTITLEINSTITUTIONSPONS AGENCYPUB DATENOTEPUB TYPEEDRS PRICEDESCRIPTORSIDENTIFIERSSE 062 805Ohland, Matthew W., Ed.; Anderson, Tim J., Ed.SUCCEED (Southeastern University and College Coalition forEngineering Education) Annual Report, Year 7.Southeastern Univ. and Coll. Coalition for EngineeringEducation.National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA.1999-06-0043p.; Some print may be too small to photograph well. Forrelated documents, see SE 062 802-804.Descriptive (141)ReportsMF01/PCO2 Plus Postage.Educational Improvement; Educational Innovation; EducationalPlanning; Educational Policy; Educational Practices;*Engineering Education; Higher Education; *Outcomes ofEducation; Partnerships in Education; Program Descriptions;Program Evaluation*Southeastern Univ and Coll Coalition for Eng EducABSTRACTThis document contains the annual report for Year 7 of theSoutheastern University and College Coalition for Engineering Education(SUCCEED). It features an Executive Summary, a response to recommendations ofprior review teams, a description of major accomplishments, future plans, anevaluation, and reports on dissemination, industrial involvement, evidence ofculture changes, infrastructure, value added by the coalition, and theprogram budget. Enrollment and degree statistics are also included. ProjectSUCCEED members include Clemson University, Florida A&M University, FloridaState University, Georgia Institute of Technology, North Carolina A&T StateUniversity, North Carolina State University, University of Florida,University of North Carolina at Charlotte, and Virginia Polytechnic Instituteand State University. ***********************************Reproductions supplied by EDRS are the best that can be madefrom the original ***************************************

SUCCEEDSOUTHEASTERN UNIVERSITY AND COLLEGECOALITION FOR ENGINEERING EDUCATIONAnnual ReportYear 7PERMISSION TO REPRODUCE ANDDISSEMINATE THIS MATERIAL HASBEEN GRANTED BJune 1999TO THE EDUCATIONAL RESOURCESINFORMATION CENTER (ERIC)U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONOffice of Educational Research and ImprovementUCATIONAL RESOURCES INFORMATIONCENTER (ERIC)This document has been reproduced asceived from the person or organizationoriginating it.kpAgs.41:441:1 Minor changes have been made toimprove reproduction quality.Points of view or opinions stated in thisdocument do not necessarily representofficial OERI position or policy.An NSF Engineering Education CoalitionClemson University - Florida A&M University - Florida State UniversityGeorgia Institute of Technology - North Carolina A&T State UniversityNorth Carolina State University - University of FloridaUniversity of North Carolina at CharlotteVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State University2BEST COPY AVAILABLE

Table of ContentsA. Executive SummaryB. Response to Recommendations of Prior Review TeamsC. Major AccomplishmentsD. Future PlansE. EvaluationF. DisseminationG. Industrial InvolvementH. Evidence of Culture ChangesI.InfrastructureJ. Value Added by the CoalitionK. Budget InformationAppendix I. Engineering Enrollment and BS Degree StatisticsAppendix II. Glossary of Acronyms312315161820222425263537

C.Major AccomplishmentsSUCCEED has had another very successful year, yielding a wide range ofaccomplishments across all of our functional teams. These accomplishments include the4

Virtual Corporations; Hands-on Workshop Statics; Infrastructure Assessment e Transitioning;Mechatronics Education; Biological Systems Engineering; Introductory EngineeringLab; and Early Engineering Design.Design;A complete cycle of 2-3 day qualitative evaluation site visits to all eight campuses toassess organization, operation and progress has been completed in the past two years.Georgia Tech's nationally recognized CHALLENGE program was broadened to includeall student groups and the Summer Freshmen transition program was redesigned to be ayearlong program. A Dual Degree transition program was also established. At GT,students complete 2 or 3 years of degree requirements at a designated partner college andtransfer to GT to complete their engineering degree. At the end, they get two bachelor'sdegrees, one from their primary institution and one from GT.The ST CFT initiated a project to increase retention at the critical "gateway" courses atthe sophomore level when students enter their major discipline and where the retention istypically 50% or less. Retention improved to 90% with the incorporation of websupplemented instruction and ST Best Practices.The FAMU-FSU Campus Implementation Team (C1T) has formed an importantpartnership with the College Curriculum Committeethe two groups worked jointly tospearhead a review of all BS degree programs, and the CTT developed templates for theassessment of degree programs that will be used as a model by all programs.The updated Longitudinal Database (LDB) was used to study to graduation percentage byinstitution and engineering discipline and to study second year retention by gender. TheCoalition-wide Student Climate Study completed in 1997 has been published anddistributed.At North Carolina A&T, 20% of the engineering faculty have attended teachingimprovement workshops in just the past year, and the College of Engineering obtainedindustry support for a summer bridge program, a professional development workshopseries, and a teacher intern program.A report by the Assessment & Evaluation team summarizing the results and conclusionsof the first three product dissemination case studies has been published and distributed.A report of the second set of three studies is now in progress.NC State implemented a new Introduction to Engineering Problem Solving courseincluding a laboratory component for all new freshmen engineers (1134 students) andintroduced the use of undergraduate student leaders as mentors in all Introduction toEngineering laboratories.45

UF's FD efforts have been institutionalized in the form of a new College-wide FacultyOrientation Program designed and implemented by SUCCEED.The longitudinal study of women and minority undergraduate engineering enrollment andBS degrees awarded by SUCCEED has been updated using the national statisticspublished by the American Association of Engineering Societies. Compared with nonSUCCEED schools in the United States, SUCCEED has greater growth in all categoriesof enrollment and greater percentages of total enrollment in every category with theexception of percentage of total enrollment of Hispanic and Native American students.These figures include adjustments for changes in total enrollment.Clemson's Multidisciplinary Design program was extended beyond Mechanical andChemical Engineering to include Industrial Engineering and Ceramic Engineering, andnew industrial sponsors were added. Clemson also overhauled the first year sequence ofcourses in engineering (ENGR 101 and 120) by importing SUCCEED materials andintroducing more hands-on engineering content.Workshops, conferences, and seminarsIt has always been clear that the funding the NSF provides to SUCCEED is a catalystthat NSF funding alone will not provide sufficient resources to cause the desired reform.As a result, many of our Principal Investigators (PIs) from the first five years and thosewho are members of SUCCEED teams devote considerable amounts of their time sharingour vision and innovations and learning about the innovations of others. The table belowlists as concisely as possible the wide variety of ways we are aiding faculty developmentin SUCCEED and at other institutions. These are in generally in chronological order,including a few future dates. Note that certain campuses are not used as frequently forCoalition-wide eventsthis is due to the significantly higher cost associated withtraveling to some of our institutions.Event descriptionDate ofeventLocation (seeacronym list)NumberattendingAttendee population(see acronym list)Council of Schools visitNational Eff. Teaching Inst.ASEE Annual Conferenceand ExhibitionGateway Workshop onEngineering WritingEffective TeachingRefresher WorkshopNew Engr. Fac. OrientationCouncil of Schools visitDistance Education Wkshp.TBCD Campus WorkshopActive Learning Env. forEngineering EducationOrientation to Teaching forGrad. Students/New Fac.6/5/986/25-27/986/28-7/1/98UCFSeattle, WASeattle, WA3150SUCCEED / COSUS FacultySUCCEED delegation7/20/98University of25SUCCEED delegation8/13/98South CarolinaNC State27Local campus2523Local campusSUCCEED / COSLocal campusLocal /98NC State54MSUUNCCNCAT61310CEUT-SUCCEEDLearning communitySUCCEED / COS5

6Event descriptionDate ofeventLocation (seeacronym list)Cross-Coalition MeetingTBCD Campus WorkshopEffective Teaching Wkshop.Council of Schools visitOA Planning WorkshopTBCD Campus WorkshopWhy Students Leave Scienceand EngineeringAssessing TeachingTBCD Campus WorkshopEngineering LearningCommunity (ELC) Mtg.COE-TeachOA PresentationELC MeetingEffective Web-sites forTeaching and LearningOrientation to Teaching(4-part series)COE-TeachOF EXPO AttendanceCommunication StylesCo-op/Internship Best Pract.Eff. Teaching with Tech.Presenting Eff. Tech. Wkshps.COE-TeachTech. Writing Workshop ITech. Writing Workshop IICouncil of Schools visitMentoring Prog. WorkshopBridge Programs WorkshopTech. Writing Workshop IIIJourneys of Women inScience and EngineeringELC MeetingCOE-TeachCross-Coalition FacultyDevelopment ConferenceWomen in Academic CareersEnhancing Teaching andLearning / 1999 Ann. Mtg.ASEE/SE section conferenceFaculty Forum on WebCTCouncil of Schools visitAlcoa "Celebration ofTeaching Day"Technology in theClassroomSynchronized StreamingMedia 11/4/9811/6/98NCATFAMU-FSUMTUAlexandria, 2511/30/9812/9812/4/98NC StateNC StateVTVa Tech221998-99Clemson13New CES 25/99NC StateOFNC StateClemsonClemsonClemsonNC StateUNCCUNCCU LouisvilleCharlotte, NCCharlotte, NCUNCCNC State19Learning communityLocal campusLocal campusSUCCEED / COSSUCCEED / COSSUCCEED / COSLearning communityLocal campusLocal campusSUCCEED / COSSUCCEED / COSSUCCEED / COSLocal campusLocal campus3/26/993/29/994/6-7/1999VTNC StateNC State244/7/994/8/99NC StateNC UUNCC5/10/995/28/99NumberattendingAttendee population(see acronym list)17SUCCEED/CoalitionsLocal campusSUCCEED / COSSUCCEED / COSSUCCEED / COSLocal campusLocal 21715135Local campusLocal campusLearning communityLearning communityChE dept. facultyLearning communityLocal campusLearning communityLearning communitySUCCEED/CoalitionsSUCCEED / COSSUCCEED COS invitedSUCCEED delegation1220104SUCCEED / COSLocal campusGT45Local campusFAMU-FSU30estimatedSUCCEED COS

Event descriptionDate ofeventLocation (seeacronym list)NumberattendingAttendee population(see acronym list)Bridging the CommunicationGap workshopNational Eff. Teaching Inst.ASEE Annual ConferenceBest Practices in CurriculumInnovation and RenewalActive PrincipalInvestigators and partnersOutcomes AssessmentFaculty CommitteeFaculty Development on theShoulders of GiantsTeaching Leader NetworkFaculty TBCD Interest Grp.6/3-5/99UFSUCCEED COS6/17-19/996/20-23/999/17-18/00Charlotte, NCCharlotte, NCCharlotte, NC30estimated50493SUCCEED13Local ingNCATUS FacultySUCCEED delegationSUCCEED / COSLocal campus16Learning communityLearning communityProductsAll SUCCEED's teams have added to their tangible legacy in the past year. The FacultyDevelopment team has expanded efforts to train FD experts on each SUCCEED campusby developing new notebooks including "Effective Teaching with Technology,""Presenting Effective Technology Workshops," and "Mentoring and Supporting NewFaculty." At UF, an Excellence in Teaching CD-ROM was developed and piloted in aneffort to provide faculty with a tangible reference of teaching techniques in a morecompact form. As mentioned earlier, the OA CFT has developed an employer surveyinstrument of great importance.Early in the year, the ST CFT produced a workbook including the outcomes of theworkshop on multidisciplinary design. This workbook is designed as a best practicedocument. Similar documents are either completed or are being prepared for three otherbest practice workshops from the past year practices in co-op/internship programs,mentoring, and bridge programs. The TBCD CFT began development of a CD-basedvideo presentation on exemplary technology-based teaching techniques and facilitated therelease of the first "SUCCEED's Greatest Bits" CD-ROM featuring some ofSUCCEED's best efforts. Volume II of that series is due to be released later this summerbefore the ASEE Conference.In addition to the employer feedback instrument piloted by the OA focus team, some ofthe other tangible products of the past year are new assessment instruments. At NC State,the first draft of an assessment survey for industry interviewers has been developed. Thisinstrument will allow industry interviewers to assess how well departments in the Collegeof Engineering are achieving various aspects of their educational objectives. TheUniversity Career Center has agreed to distribute the survey during fall 1999. This is thefirst step in developing a Coalition-wide assessment tool. The TBCD representative atNC A&T has developed a draft assessment instrument. UF introduced the use of studentportfolios, refined alumni, employer, and graduating student surveys, and established7

industry focus groups. UNC Charlotte conducted improved student and faculty surveys;and Clemson developed an employer fax survey process for engineering programs.Assessment and EvaluationAssessment and evaluation is critical both to identifying the impact of the Coalition andto providing the evidence necessary to support the adoption of the Coalition's programsand models by other institutions.A centralized database of engineering faculty at all of the SUCCEED campuses has beencompleted. Without such a central database, only total attendance at each SUCCEEDsponsored event can be recorded, an approach that is fraught with redundant counting.Since the faculty most committed to educational reform will be engaged in multipleactivities, the central faculty database can be used to identify how many unique facultyhave been impacted by SUCCEED.A report was issued on the results of an e-mail survey administered to all SUCCEEDengineering faculty (503 responses, 32% of Coalition engineering faculty) on the use ofinnovative teaching practices and campus level of support for teaching, results werepublished in the proceedings of 1998 Frontiers in Education Conference (HE). A reportwas also issued summarizing the results of the Instructional Technology Needs surveydistributed during Year 6.The complete cycle of qualitative case study visits mentioned earlier included interviewsof faculty and students involved in CIT and CFT activity as well interviews of nonparticipant students and faculty, deans, and department heads during each visit.Individual campus reports have been prepared and distributed to the campus CIT andCFT leaders and the Coalition Director. Each CIT leaders has or will submit plans fordealing with recommendations, concerns and issues cited by the review team in thereports. An Interim Summary Report of progress and operations on the campuses visitedin Year Six was prepared and shared with the NSF, the Coalition leadership and Deans.A final summary report covering all eight campuses is now in preparation.The SUCCEED Longitudinal Database, which contains both performance anddemographic information on all undergraduate students in the Coalition beginning withthe 1989 cohort, has been updated for 1997 and is now in the process of being updated for1998. Two studies have been conducted and completed using the LDB. The first is agraduation percentage study by institution and engineering discipline that categorizesstudents by initial discipline into four groups:; those who graduated in that discipline,graduated in another engineering discipline, graduated outside engineering or didn'tgraduate. The second study is a second-year retention study by gender for bothengineering and non-engineering students. A report of the data and analysis of theCoalition-wide Student Climate Study completed in 1997 has been published anddistributed. The data reported is by institution and the entire Coalition. Each institution8-

has been provided with the responses from its own students for further analysis it maywish to perform.The annual report comparing SUCCEED enrollments and numbers of graduates(beginning in 1989) with those of other engineering schools in the country both by genderand ethnicity was updated with 1998 data from the American Association of EngineeringSocieties. The report will be published and distributed to the Coalition schools and theNational Science Foundation.Assistance was provided to the FD CFT in the development, administration and analysisof a faculty survey on undergraduate teaching. The results have been published anddistributed in a SUCCEED report and a paper has been accepted for the 1999 HEConference. Other journal articles are in progress. Similar assistance has been providedto the Technology Based Curriculum Delivery CFT to survey Coalition faculty needs andinterests in technology delivery systems and methods.Six product dissemination case studies to determine factors that promote successfuldiffusion of educational innovations have been completed. A report summarizing theresults and conclusions of the first three case studies has been published and distributed.A report of the second three studies is now in progress. Two papers reporting the resultsof the study have been prepared and submitted to the Journal of Engineering Educationand the 1999 International Conference on Engineering Education. Based on the results ofthis study, three PIs and their projects have been identified for special disseminationefforts now in the planning stage.Course/Curriculum ModificationsSince SUCCEED is about making changes in the way courses are taught and thecurriculum is delivered, significant accomplishments were made in this area as well. Inaddition to Clemson's Multidisciplinary Design program and modifications to the firstyear sequence initially taught in the new form in fall 1998 and spring 1999 semesters, afully asynchronous pilot course was offered in Computer Science, and extensive use ofAsynchronous Learning Networks (ALNs) was developed in several courses (notably, inIndustrial Engineering); web-based materials were developed to support a multi-campusshared course in computer organization.NC A&T received external support for a Teacher Intern Program and for the Alliance forLearning and Vision for Underrepresented Americans expanded to 4 sites with 15studentsthe average first semester GPA of the students participants was 3.80. UNCCharlotte used the Web Course-in-a-Box discussion forum features to facilitate teamprojects and discussions in Introduction to Engineering Practice and Principles, deliveredone course (Engineering Mechanics I - Statics) to two remote sites via the Multi-CastInternet Backbone (MBONE), and implemented a pilot project using Real Education fordelivery of Engineering Courses online (Electrical Circuit Analysis developed for webbased delivery and used as supplemental instruction for on-campus students).109

As indicated earlier, Virginia Tech is committed to a wide variety of innovations thatimpact a large number of students. Virginia Tech is also committed to offering itsentire engineering student body a multidisciplinary capstone design course-70% of allstudents are involved in multidisciplinary capstone design projects; the goal is 100%.This focus of education on engineering applications occurs earlier in the curriculum aswell; students at the sophomore level are already engaged in engineering projects thatused to be limited to seniors. A section of Engineering Mechanics was taught toevaluate and improve the Multimedia Learning Environment program, and web andother technology was integrated into two undergraduate classes, including one distancelearning class.NC State continues to make progress towards an Electrical and Computer Engineeringhonors programthe first honors course is scheduled for the fall of 1999, and providedsupport to encourage development of web-based materials for four courses, ( 21,000 inearly 1998, 31,000 for 1998-1999). web-based versions of the following engineeringcourses have been enhanced: Introduction to ComputingC ; Introduction toComputing; Electric Circuits I; Digital Logic Design. All courses were offered usingMBONE technology during 1998-99. Sites receiving these courses included UNCAsheville, UNC Wilmington and Lenoir Community College.FAMU-FSU offered a Carnegie Mellon class through videoconferencing, piloted anoffering of a first year course (which was reviewed by an Ad Hoc Committee that maderecommendations for institutionalization), and piloted a real-world engineering multidisciplinary collaborative design course. Georgia Tech placed curriculum technologymodules into academic support processes and developed a pilot design competition forundergraduates as a precursor to a broader freshman design course. UF's IntegratedProduct and Process Design (IPPD) program has been extremely successful in providingstudents with an insight into real industrial problems and the means to solve them. Theprogram is currently running at its maximum capacity (around 23 projects). OF alsopromoted widespread usage of web-based teaching for on-campus and off-campusstudents, delivering four undergraduate courses entirely online.Special Programs for Student SuccessGeorgia Tech's continuous improvement of the Challenge program, mentioned earlier,sets a high standard of demonstrated success. A large number of programs at the otherSUCCEED institutions strive for the same quality and reputation.At UNC Charlotte, 166 students received mentoring through the MAPS (MaximizingAcademic and Professional Success) program in the fall 1998 semester. In the samesemester, Supplemental Instruction was offered for five College of Engineering courses.There was a total of 1,436 SI contact hours during this semester throughout theUniversity, of which College of Engineering SI courses accounted for 40% of the totalthis is important to note because only 27% of the students in SI courses were from the1011

College of Engineering. UNC Charlotte also initiated work and study exchanges for itsstudents with institutions in Germany and Spain, and sent five students to France to workand study April-July, 1998. UNC Charlotte also developed an undergraduate engineeringprofessional development seminar series featuring alumni and local professionalstopicsinclude ethics, global and contemporary issues, and professional registration.At NC A&T, an cost-effective summer bridge program supported by the Alliance forLearning and Vision for Underrepresented Americans (ALVA) was initiated, and anindustry-supported professional development workshop series was also established.Corporate sponsorship for the Visions summer program was also identified. UF'sSTEPUP program for incoming minority freshmen shows improved retention and isalmost ready for institutionalization, while the Community College Interface program hasbeen expanded to accommodate nearly half the incoming CC transfer students while stillmaintaining program success in terms of improved retention. Women engineeringstudents at NC State can now participate in a peer mentoring program or an e-mailmentoring program using practicing engineers from industry. At Clemson, a pilot peermentoring program for freshman engineering students was initiated, and the internationalprogram continued successfully, with a new International Engineering and Science minorproposed and approved by the university.Web PagesWeb pages continue to provide an inexpensive tool for broad dissemination, and isespecially useful for exchanging and storing information within the Coalition. A numberof sites were created or significantly improved in the past year. A sample of them isfound here. Many of these are easily accessible from the main SUCCEED web page.Content featuredWeb site addressSUCCEED's main web pageSUCCEED projects databaseOutcomes Assessment Best PracticesSUCCEED's videoconferencingOF FD web siteSUCCEED calendar of eventsStudent Transitions web siteMultimedia Statics software siteVirginia Tech Virtual CorporationsOF Elec. Eng. online courses - Linearcontrols; Signals and systems;Circuits I; Circuits IISUCCEED's partner Center forExcellence in UndergraduateTeaching at Virginia TechUF's Integrated Product and ProcessDesign programUNCC FD web siteIntroduction to EOS, Carol Miller, CSC , Jo Perry, cing/index.html dev/fac ct/public/show ceed/ cl 14 info/www/index.html12BEST COPY AVAILABLE11

Content featuredWeb site addressElectric Circuits 1, Griff Bilbro, ECEFundamentals of Logic Design,Clay Gloster, ECEIntroduction to ProgrammingSoftware EngineeringIntroduction to Polymer ChemistryGeorgia Tech's Classroom-2000Joseph A. Ware Advanced StudentProject Laboratory info/ info/Under development summer 1999Under development summer 1999Under development summer cational and Assessment InfrastructureWith a focus on implementation in this second phase of SUCCEED, it is no surprise thata number of our most significant accomplishments are toward making improvements inthe administrative process and physical plant that will improve education and assessmentat our institutions. Many of the accomplishments described in this section, especiallythose to the physical plant, are not funded by NSF money, but through institution orexternal sources in response to a need discovered in the planning and execution ofSUCCEED efforts.Significant steps were taken to put in place personnel for both the leadership and supportof a wide variety of educational advances. To support technology infusion, FAMU-FSUhired a staff member to assist faculty in using technology and Clemson initiated a pilotprogram of student technology assistants to help faculty who are teaching special sectionsof freshman courses adjust to the new Universal Computing Environment. NC Stateidentified two faculty members, Jim Nau, in Civil Engineering, and Tim Clapp, in TextileEngineering, who have assumed a leadership role in workshops and COE-Teach, NCState's learning community. UNC Charlotte's College of Engineering mentoring program(MAPS) hired a full-time assistant director in order to expand the program, which is inhigh demand. The SUCCEED team played a significant role at Georgia Tech in the hiringof a Director of Assessment. In fact, the Institute selected one of the members ofSUCCEED's OA CFT from North Carolina State to be the Director. The SUCCEEDteam continues to influence the direction of administrative policy in the establishment ofa position for a half-time Associate Dean, who will work on FD and strategic planningissues. A number of other universities are also putting personnel in place to supportassessment. At North Carolina A&T, the dean appointed a faculty member (the NC A&TOA team member) as the OA Director for the College, also providing him with suitablerelease time and resources to lead OA activity in the college. NC State identifiedassessment coordinators for nine engineering departments who will form the OA Teamfor the College.Developing partnerships with existing university structures and the generation of Collegeof-Engineering-based learning communities is also critical to our success. In addition tothose mentioned in the highlights, there are other partnerships in the works. Our FD CFTstarted the Teaching Leader Network (TLN) mail list to connect leaders from all thecampuses. The NC State College of Engineering established collaboration with the1213

College of Agriculture and Life Sciences on a web course delivery system that leveragesthe existing infrastructure. The TBCD leader at NC A&T meets regularly with theassociate vice chancellor for academic affairs, and the FAMU-FSU College CurriculumCommittee and FAMU-FSU CIT worked jointly to spearhead a review of all BS degreeprograms.Virginia Tech's Engineering Learning Community and NC State's COE Teach meetregularly and are expanding the number of faculty who participate. FAMU-FSU has afaculty group that discusses mentoring issues using the experiences of legendaryengineers as a focal point. In addition to the learning communities developing on ourcampuses, more specialized assessment communities are also nascent. The Georgia TechEngineering Assessment Seminar (GTEAS) meets monthly while weekly assessmentmeetings at North Carolina A&T are attended by representatives from all departments.Progress has also been made in developing the technological infrastructure of ourinstitutions. Clemson's Un

TBCD Campus Workshop 10/21/98 NCAT 10 Local campus Effective Teaching Wkshop. 10/22/98 FAMU-FSU 63 SUCCEED / COS Council of Schools visit 10/25-26/98 MTU 20 SUCCEED / COS OA Planning Workshop 11/3/98 Alexandria, VA 39 SUCCEED / COS TBCD Campus Workshop 11/4/98 NCAT 12 Local campus Why Students