AccreditationFramingham State University Undergraduate Catalog 2010-2011ACCREDITATIONFramingham State University is accredited by the New England Association of Schoolsand Colleges, Inc., a non-governmental, nationally recognized organization whoseaffiliated institutions include elementary schools through collegiate institutions offeringpost-graduate instruction.Accreditation of an institution by the New England Association indicates that it meets orexceeds criteria for the assessment of institutional quality periodically applied through apeer group review process. An accredited school or college is one which has available thenecessary resources to achieve its stated purposes through appropriate educationalprograms, is substantially doing so, and gives reasonable evidence that it will continue todo so in the foreseeable future. Institutional integrity is also addressed throughaccreditation.Accreditation by the New England Association is not partial but applies to the institutionas a whole. As such, it is not a guarantee of the quality of every course or programoffered, or the competence of individual graduates. Rather, it provides reasonableassurance about the quality of opportunities available to students who attend theinstitution. Inquiries regarding the status of an institution’s accreditation by the NewEngland Association should be directed to the administrative staff of the school orcollege. Individuals may also contact the Association: NEW ENGLAND ASSOCIATION OFSCHOOLS AND COLLEGES, 209 Burlington Road, Bedford, Massachusetts, 01730, 781271-0022.ALSO ACCREDITED BY:National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission, 61 Broadway 33rd Floor, NewYork, New York 10006, 212-363-5555 ext. 153; www.nlnac.orgAmerican Dietetic Association Commission on Accreditation for Dietetics Education,120 South Riverside Plaza, Suite 2000, Chicago, IL 60606-6995, 312-899-4872 forCoordinated Program in Dietetics; Nutrition Dietetics ConcentrationAPPROVED BY:Initial and Professional Licensure Programs for educators are approved by theDepartment of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE) of the Commonwealthof Massachusetts, and the National Association of State Directors of TeacherEducationand Certification (NASDTEC).Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (Initial Applicant Status)Interstate Certification Compact on Certification of Educational Personnel AmericanChemical SocietyMEMBER OF:American Association of Colleges of NursingAmerican Association of Colleges for Teacher EducationAmerican Association of State Colleges and UniversitiesAssociation of Collegiate Business Schools and ProgramsNew England Association of Schools and CollegesCouncil for the Advancement and Support of EducationNational League for NursingAssociation of Collegiate Business Schools and ProgramsThe College BoardNOTICE TO STUDENTSThe rules, regulations, policies, fees and other charges, courses of study, and academic requirementsthat appear in this catalog were in effect at the time of its publication. Like everything else in thiscatalog, they are published for informational purposes only, and they do not constitute a contractbetween the University and any student, applicant for admission or other person. Whether notedelsewhere in this catalog or not, the University reserves the right to change, eliminate, and add to anyexisting (and to introduce additional) rules, regulations, policies, fees and other charges, courses ofstudy and academic requirements. Whenever it does so, the University will give as much advancenotice as it considers feasible or appropriate, but it reserves the right in all cases to do so withoutnotice.

Table of ContentsFramingham State University Undergraduate Catalog 2010-2011TABLE OF CONTENTSMission Statement1History of Framingham State University3Undergraduate Admissions5Tuition and Fees15Financial Aid18Academic Regulations23Campus Resources40Academic Programs49General Education Requirements67DEPARTMENTS AND PROGRAMSArt and Music78Biology96Chemistry and Food Science113Communication Arts123Computer Science138Consumer Sciences148Economics and Business 2History247Interdisciplinary Courses262Mathematics264Modern Languages273Nursing287Physics and Earth Sciences291Political Science297Psychology and Philosophy302Sociology315GENERAL INFORMATIONFSU Board of mpus Buildings and Facilities347 3

Mission StatementFramingham State University Undergraduate Catalog 2010-2011Mission StatementPUBLIC HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM MISSION STATEMENTThe public college and university system in the Commonwealth of Massachusettscomprises fifteen community colleges, nine state colleges and the five campuses of theUniversity of Massachusetts. The system exists to provide accessible, affordable,relevant, and rigorous academic programs that adapt to meet changing individual andsocietal needs for education and employment. All campuses are committed to operatingeffectively and efficiently in order to maintain tuition and fees at a level as low aspossible, while providing a high-quality education to every student who qualifies foradmission.The public system is committed to continuous improvement andaccountability in all aspects of teaching and learning. The Board of Higher Educationand institutional boards of trustees recognize their responsibilities to the taxpayers andresidents of Massachusetts in the performance of their roles and responsibilities.Massachusetts public higher education is a system with a distinguished past, increasingpride, and unlimited potential.STATE UNIVERSITY MISSION STATEMENTThere are six comprehensive state universities - Bridgewater State University, FitchburgState University, Framingham State University, Salem State University, Westfield StateUniversity, and Worcester State University - and three specialized colleges Massachusetts College of Art, Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts and MassachusettsMaritime Academy. All colleges integrate liberal arts and sciences programs withprofessional education, and the three specialized colleges also focus on academic areasidentified in the colleges’ name.Each college places a special emphasis on teaching and lifelong learning, and promotes acampus life that fosters intellectual, social and ethical development. Committed toexcellence in instruction and to providing responsive, innovative and educationalprograms of high quality, they seek to develop each student’s critical thinking,quantitative, oral and written communications skills, and practical appreciation of thearts, sciences and humanities as they affect good citizenship and an improved quality oflife. The state colleges provide a campus environment where the ideas, values,perspectives and contributions of all students are respected.Massachusetts state colleges are strategically located to facilitate access to baccalaureateand master’s degree programs for Commonwealth residents who meet their highstandards for admission. In recognition of their responsibilities to Massachusettstaxpayers to manage their resources efficiently and to maintain tuition and fees at a levelas low as possible, each college has a distinctive academic focus based upon itsestablished strengths and regional and state needs. Each college is a leader and resourcefor the community and contributes to the region’s cultural, environmental and economicdevelopment. 1

Mission StatementFramingham State University Undergraduate Catalog 2010-2011FRAMINGHAM STATE UNIVERSITY MISSION STATEMENTFramingham State University was founded by Horace Mann in 1839 as the first statesupported institution of public higher education in the United States for the training ofteachers. Located in Framingham, Massachusetts, a community 20 miles west of Boston,the University assists in fulfilling the workforce needs of the Commonwealth with anemphasis on the rapidly growing high technology and service region known asMetroWest. The University integrates liberal arts and science programs with a variety ofprofessional programs at the Baccalaureate and Master’s levels.The University offers distinctive programs in: Teacher Education and Preparation – Programs to prepare teachers at all levels ofPre-Kindergarten through Grade 12 education. Nutrition, Dietetics, Food Technology, Chemistry and Biology – Uniqueprofessional programs integrated with foundation sciences. Business and its Applications Across the Disciplines – Programs with specialpreparation for the new technological economy. Advanced Technology – Programs infusing information technology throughout thecurriculum.Framingham State University draws the majority of its students from withinMassachusetts and the New England region. Traditional college-age students, as well asnon-traditional students seeking higher education on either a full- or part-time basis, areserved and are afforded opportunities to participate in campus life through a variety ofco-curricular programs and activities, and to develop the necessary knowledge and skillsto compete in a global and technological society. 2

History of FSUFramingham State University Undergraduate Catalog 2010-2011The History of Framingham State UniversityFramingham State University began in a building, still standing today, on thecorner of Lexington Common on July 3, 1839. It had as its mission the trainingof teachers, and was the first state-supported normal school (a school whichtrains teachers) in the United States of America. Twice it outgrew itsaccommodations, moving first to West Newton and then to its present locationon Bare Hill in Framingham in 1853. From the beginning, the Normal Schoolmet the challenge of being the first model by educating teachers who were indemand for the common schools of Massachusetts and, indeed, for schoolsthroughout the nation. From the first class, Normal School graduatesparticipated in the new field of education for the blind and the deaf. Theytraveled to the South and to the West to teach in schools being established forBlacks and Native Americans, and they went as missionaries to distant lands.From 1848 to 1898 Framingham also conducted an advanced program forwomen who aspired to careers in high school and college teaching, schooladministration, law and medicine, opening unprecedented educational and careeropportunities for these women. There were principals, professors, doctors, andwriters among the early graduates, and women who participated in the suffrageand temperance movements; indeed, in all of the significant educational andsocial reforms of the nineteenth century. At the close of the nineteenth century,the first teachers of the household arts were graduated from a new program atFramingham, laying the foundation for studies in nutrition and food science, aswell as clothing and textiles.The student body increased steadily during the twentieth century and with it thesize of the campus and the number of buildings. New programs and coursesmarked the increasingly professional character of the education offered, whileextracurricular organizations were formed to enrich student life. In 1932 theMassachusetts Normal Schools became the State Teachers Colleges, and in 1960they became State Colleges with a mandate to develop liberal arts curricula.Framingham, which had served only women, become coeducational in 1964.The University has continued to add departments such as Economics, Sociology,and Psychology, as well as career-orientated programs in Computer Science,Communications, Business Administration, and Nursing, among others, toincrease the options for students and to meet the needs of the Commonwealth. In2010, the Governor signed legislation changing the State Colleges to StateUniversities.Today, Framingham State University is situated on a beautiful 73-acre campusin the suburban town of Framingham. The University’s location in theeconomically vibrant Metro West area affords many opportunities for studentsand graduates alike. Approximately 6,150 full- and part-time students with 26bachelor’s degree programs and 22 master’s degree programs are enrolled at theUniversity. 4

Undergraduate AdmissionsFramingham State University Undergraduate Catalog 2010-2011Undergraduate AdmissionsAll candidates seeking admission to an undergraduate degree program mustmake application to the Office of Undergraduate Admissions. Framingham StateUniversity, as an academic community, is committed to an admissions processthat welcomes applications from men and women regardless of race, color, sex,sexual orientation, religion, creed, disability, veteran status, age, national origin,or marital status. The approval of candidates for admission is made on aselective basis. The University is interested in students whose preparatoryprogram, scholastic achievement, aptitudes, interests, character, and establishedstudy habits give definite promise of success in a college program.CAMPUS VISITSProspective students are encouraged to visit campus. The UndergraduateAdmissions Office offers a series of information sessions and campus toursthroughout the week and on select Saturdays. Please call 508-626-4937 or to view available dates and toschedule an appointment.In the case of severe weather conditions on a day you have scheduled visit,please call the Framingham State University Weather Emergency number: 508626-4898. If classes are cancelled, all information sessions and tours will becancelled as well.ADMISSIONS STANDARDS SECONDARY SCHOOLACADEMIC COURSE REQUIREMENTSFramingham State University and the Massachusetts Department of HigherEducation require the following college-preparatory academic units as aminimum:4 years English3 years Mathematics (Algebra I, II & Geometry)3 years Science (2 years of lab science)2 years Social Science2 years Foreign Language (or voc-tech/chapter 766 substitution ifappropriate)2 years College Preparatory ElectivesPlease refer to the current Framingham State University Admissions Viewbook,the Framingham State University Web site at or theMassachusetts Department of Higher Education Web site at formore specific information regarding the minimum academic unit requirements.Please note that these are minimum standards and meeting them does notguarantee admission to the University. Any offer of admission is conditionalupon the student successfully completing all state and local requirements for ahigh school diploma.Freshman Grade Point Average (GPA) RequirementsApplicants in a comprehensive college preparatory curriculum must have arecalculated minimum cumulative grade point average of a 3.00 on a 4.00 scaleor meet the minimum GPA requirement on the sliding scale listed below.Courses clearly identified on the high school transcript as Honors or AdvancedPlacement level will be given additional weight. Please note: All freshmanapplicants applying within three (3) years of high school graduation, even thosewith a recalculated GPA of 3.00 or higher, are required to submit SAT Testscores. 5

Undergraduate AdmissionsFramingham State University Undergraduate Catalog 2010-2011Scores on the new writing section of the SAT will not affect the sliding scale forfreshman applicants. The sliding scale will continue to be based on thecombined critical reading (verbal) and math sections of the SAT.RecalculatedMinimum SAT scoreHigh School GPA(Critical Reading Math)2.51 – 2.999202.41 – 2.509602.31 – 2.4010002.21 – 2.3010402.11 – 2.2010802.00 – 2.101120Less than 2.00Not admissiblePlease note that these are minimum standards and meeting them does notguarantee admissions to the University.Transfer Grade Point Average RequirementsThe following minimum standards have been established for transfer students:1.12-23 college-level credit hours and a 2.50 college GPA;OR2.Up to 23 college-level credit hours, a 2.00 college GPA, and a high schooltranscript that meets the admissions standards for freshman applicants(SAT required);OR3.24 or more college-level credit hours and a 2.00 college GPA.Please note that these are minimum standards and meeting them does notguarantee admission to the University.Non–Traditional ApplicantsApplicants who have not attended college and who apply for admission morethan 3 years after high school graduation will be evaluated on the basis of theirsecondary school record, standardized test scores, and a description of activitiessince leaving high school.Special ApplicantsA limited number of students may be accepted based upon other signs ofpotential for academic success in a four-year college program such as steadilyimproving high school grades and/or test scores, special talent and strongsecondary school recommendations. Please note that no freshman applicant witha weighted cumulative GPA below 2.00 may be admitted to Framingham StateUniversity.FRESHMAN APPLICATION PROCEDURE1.APPLICATION FORM: Applicants are encouraged to utilize the onlineapplication available at: online allows the applicant to verify whether all requiredmaterials have been received by the University within two weeks of receiptof the application. Please Note: The online application requires payment ofthe application fee by Mastercard, Visa, or Discover. Students submitting anofficial fee waiver must utilize the PDF application also available on theFramingham State University website or a paper application.Additionally application forms may be obtained from high school guidanceoffices in Massachusetts or by contacting: 6

Undergraduate AdmissionsFramingham State University Undergraduate Catalog 2010-2011Office of Undergraduate AdmissionsFramingham State University100 State StreetP.O. Box 9101Framingham, MA 01701-9101508-626-4500The Office of Undergraduate Admissions may also be contacted via e-mailat [email protected]. For electronic application options pleasevisit: FEE: Please submit the application fee listed on the currentyear’s application.3.APPLICATION FILING DATES: All materials should be submitted asearly as possible. Preferred postmarked filing dates are as follows:Fall Early Action (Freshman applicants only)November 15thFall Regular DecisionFebruary 15thSpring Semester (January entrance)December 1stAfter these dates, contact the Office of Undergraduate Admissions todetermine if applications are still being accepted. Please note that certainmajors may not be available to students completing their files after theFebruary 15th (fall) and December 1st (spring) priority filing dates.The University is able to offer on-campus housing to most qualifiedapplicants who complete their files by the February 15th priority filing date.Applicants for the January semester and those completing their fallapplications after the February 15th priority filing date are able to placethemselves on the residence hall wait list if they have been offered admissionand have submitted the required admissions deposit.4.SECONDARY SCHOOL RECORD: The school record should include theapplicant’s entire academic transcript, including weighted class rank and/orgrade point average (GPA). The applicant must request that the guidanceoffice send the official record bearing the school’s official stamp or sealdirectly to the Office of Undergraduate Admissions. Students may submittheir applications with a high school transcript including grades through theend of the junior year. The school should forward first and second quartersenior year grades when available. A copy of the student’s schedule for theentire senior year should also be included. (Students with a GeneralEducation Equivalency (GED) must have an official score report forwardedto the Office of Admissions and submit an official high school transcript forthe period high school was attended.) All students, including homeschooled applicants, must present a high school diploma or GED prior toentrance to the University.5.REQUIRED EXAMINATIONS: Freshmen applicants are required tosubmit official score results of the SAT (with writing) unless the applicantgraduated from high school prior to 2007. Official test results must be sentdirectly to the University from the College Board. The College Board codenumber for Framingham State University is 3519. Applicants areencouraged to take this test no later than January of their senior year. TheACT Assessment Plus Writing may be substituted for the SAT. The ACTcode number for Framingham State University is 1904. All applicants whoparticipated in ESL courses during their secondary school education (orwhose secondary school instruction was not primarily in English) shouldsubmit the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL).Home-schooled students and graduates of unaccredited schools may berequired to submit the results of additional nationally-normed tests such as 7

Undergraduate AdmissionsFramingham State University Undergraduate Catalog 2010-2011the SAT Subject Tests.6.DESCRIPTION OF ACTIVITIES: Students who are not currently in highschool should submit a resume or brief summary of activities that accountsfor all time periods since leaving high school.7.COLLEGE COURSEWORK: Students who expect to have completed anycollege course work prior to graduation from high school should apply asfreshmen, but must list the appropriate information in the “CollegeInformation” section of the application.8.ADVANCED PLACEMENT or INTERNATIONAL BACCALAUREATE:Students who plan to take or have taken Advanced Placement orInternational Baccalaureate exams should list the exams under the“Advanced Placement” section of the application and have official scoresforwarded to FSU when available.TRANSFER APPLICATION PROCEDURE1.APPLICATION FORM: Signed and completed application. (Please refer toFreshman Application Procedures for additional information.)2.APPLICATION FEE: Please submit the application fee listed on the currentyear’s application.3.SECONDARY SCHOOL RECORD: Submit an official, final high schooltranscript indicating date of graduation. All transcripts must bear the officialstamp or seal of the high school. (Students with a GED must have anofficial score report forwarded to the Office of Undergraduate Admissionsand submit an official high school transcript for the period high school wasattended.)4.REQUIRED EXAMINATIONS: SAT (with writing) or ACT AssessmentPlus Writing is required of transfer applicants, unless the applicantgraduated from high school prior to 2007 or has completed 30 or morecredit hours of college credit at the time of the application. Official scoreresults must be forwarded directly to the University from the College Boardin Princeton. The College Board Code number for Framingham StateUniversity is 3519. The ACT code number for Framingham StateUniversity is 1904.5.COLLEGE TRANSCRIPTS: Submit official transcripts from all collegesand universities ever attended. If a student is enrolled elsewhere at the timeof acceptance, a final official transcript for that semester must be submittedprior to the commencement of studies at Framingham State University. Allapplicants must disclose all colleges or universities ever attended regardlessof whether courses were finished or credit was received. Failure to disclosethis information may result in denial of admission or retroactiveadministrative withdrawal from the University without refund or coursecredits.Please note: Only transcripts forwarded directly from the college oruniversity the applicant attended to the Office of Undergraduate Admissionsat Framingham State University are considered official transcripts. Nodecisions can be made by the Admissions Committee without officialtranscripts.6.COURSES IN PROGRESS: List all courses in progress or that you plan tocomplete prior to enrollment at Framingham State University (pleaseindicate the exact course titles, numbers, and credit hours).7.DESCRIPTION OF ACTIVITIES: Applicants who have not been attendingcollege continuously since graduation from high school should submit a 8

Undergraduate AdmissionsFramingham State University Undergraduate Catalog 2010-2011resume or brief summary of activities that accounts for all time periodssince leaving high school.8.CLEP/AP/IB: Applicants presenting College Board CLEP (College LevelExamination Program) scores, AP (Advanced Placement) scores, or IB(International Baccalaureate) scores for college credit must have officialresults forwarded directly to the Office of Undergraduate Admissions forevaluation. Please list the exams taken on the application, under the“Advanced Placement or CLEP Examinations” section of the application.All materials should be submitted as early as possible. Preferred postmarkedfiling dates are as follows:Fall semester (September entrance) February 15thSpring semester (January entrance) December 1stAfter these dates, contact the Office of Undergraduate Admissions to determineif applications are still being accepted. Please note that certain majors may notbe available to students completing their files after the February 15 th (fall) andDecember 1st (spring) priority filing date.The University is able to offer on-campus housing to most qualified applicantswho complete their files by the February 15th priority filing date. Applicants forthe January semester and those completing their fall applications after theFebruary 15th priority filing date are able to place themselves on the residencehall wait list if they have been offered admission and have submitted therequired admissions deposit.Transfer applications are welcomed at Framingham State University and eachyear more than 500 students are admitted to the University with advancedstanding. Transfer credit is awarded for college-level courses at regionallyaccredited colleges and universities in the liberal arts and sciences as well as formany professional courses. Transfer credit is given only for courses in which thestudent received a grade of C- or higher. The quality point average of transferstudents is computed only on courses taken at Framingham State University.Students must complete 32 course credits, including 12 course credits forgeneral education and 20 course credits for major and related requirements. Aminimum of eight (8) course credit-bearing courses must be taken atFramingham State University to complete residency requirements. Transferstudents must complete a minimum of five (5) Framingham State Universitycourse credits in their major department and, if applicable, three (3)Framingham State University course credits in their minor department.Once a student is accepted to the University as a degree candidate, all officialtranscripts are sent to the Office of the Registrar to be reviewed by the transfercredit evaluator. All approved courses accepted in transfer will be awardedFramingham State University course credit in an amount equal to the cumulativetotal number of semester credits transferred divided by four (4) and rounded tothe nearest whole number. For example, if a student has five 3-credit courses (15semester hours) accepted in transfer, four (4) Framingham State Universitycourse credits will be awarded (an equivalent of 16 semester hours).Note: Applicants to the upper division nursing program (R.N.’s only)should refer to the Nursing section of the catalog for additional informationon requirements. 9

Undergraduate AdmissionsFramingham State University Undergraduate Catalog 2010-2011LIBERAL STUDIES MAJOR APPLICATION PROCEDUREThe Bachelor of Arts, majoring in Liberal Studies program is a part-timeContinuing Education Division program designed for adults returning to college.It may be possible for students with an Associate's degree who have met allgeneral education requirements to complete the Liberal Studies program online,with concentrations in social sciences and the humanities.Please note the Liberal Studies major is a part-time program only, and is notavailable to students seeking the F-1 Visa or residence hall accommodations.The Liberal Studies major may not be appropriate for students seeking teacher,dietetic, or other professional licensure.Admissions Requirements:Successful completion of a minimum of 12 semester hours in a core collegelevel liberal arts curriculum from a regionally accredited college or university(English, mathematics, science) is required prior to matriculation in theprogram. Ordinarily a minimum G.P.A. of 2.50 is expected for applicants.Students may apply to transfer up to 68 semester hours from regionallyaccredited two-year colleges and universities and up to 96 semester hours fromregionally accredited four-year colleges and universities.Students accepted into the Liberal Studies degree program may choose to applyfor "Experiential Learning" credit (a maximum of 32 semester hours.) Suchcredit is awarded through a portfolio assessment process and may be granted forsubstantive learning that has occurred outside the classroom. Students who wishto apply for "Experiential Learning" credit must complete the portfolio processwithin twelve months of matriculation into the Liberal Studies Program."Experiential Learning" credits are only applicable to the Liberal Studies degreeat Framingham State University.Call the Division of Graduate and Continuing Education at 508- 626-4550 torequest an application. If you would like to meet with the Program’sCoordinator and Advisor, Dr. P. Bradley Nutting, an appointment will be madefor you.MASSACHUSETTS STATE COLLEGE AND COMMUNITY COLLEGEJOINT ADMISSIONS AGREEMENTFirst-time students who are admitted to a designated transfer program of study ata Massachusetts state community college may choose to apply simultaneously toan approved program at Framingham State University. Students must earn aminimum cumulative grade point average of 2.50 and an associate’s degree in adesignated transfer program of studies in order to guarantee admission toFramingham State University. Pl

ACCREDITATION Framingham State University is accredited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges, Inc., a non-governmental, nationally recognized organization whose . Fitchburg State University, Framingham State University, Salem State University, Westfield State University, and Worcester