WINTER, 2020WERNER SEED COMPANY3080 MILLERSBURG BLVD. E.DUNDAS, MN 55019507 - 645 - 7995Lower Prices on Most Forages - Good Time to Replace or Add Hay AcresDue to excessive seed production, declining demand, and poor spring seeding weather the past few years alfalfa, grassesand most forage seed are lower priced. We try to deliver high quality products at reasonable prices.Good Supply of Forages, Certified Oats, Non-GMO Corn & Beans

WERNER SEED CO. 507-645-7995ALFALFA SEED - Best Production, Best Quality, Best ValueThere is a reason Alfalfa is called ‘Queen of the Forages’. On well drained, fertile soil, alfalfa can hardlybe beat in terms of feed quality, tonnage, and ease of management. All of our varieties are winterhardy, have excellent quality and resistance traits, and offer competitive yields - all for a great valuecompared to the big name brands. Give us a try, plant a few acres of our Alfalfa next to what you havebeen using and see if you can tell a difference. Alfalfa provides 100 - 150# N credit to next year’s corn.Seed 12-18#/Acre alone or 8-14#/Acre Alfalfa and 1-7#/Acre Grass.Seed Early Spring or Late Summer up to September 1 (Legumes require 2 months fall growth for winter survival).Seed 1-2 bu early oats as a nurse crop in spring to discourage weeds. Cut oats at boot stage to reduce competition.Alfalfa performs best with soil pH 6.5 - 7. Test P, K, and S nutrients for best production and winter survival.EXTRA LEAFY BRAND MULTILEAFExceptional Quality and YieldOne way to increase the value of your alfalfa crop is to produce a higher quality alfalfa. Multileaf varieties have 5-7 leafletsinstead of the normal 3. This increases the leaf to stem ratio and produces finer stems. A big advantage is that the first cutdoes not deteriorate in quality as fast as conventional trifoliate varieties. Our Extra Leafy Brand alfalfa is a blend of severaloutstanding alfalfas with multiple disease and pest resistances, excellent hardiness, and persistence with very good yields.Older multileaf varieties gave up yield for quality, but this is a top producer. Extra Leafy is a brand, varieties not stated.Preinoculated. 132.00/50#bagNORTHERN BEST BRAND IIHigh Performance, Hardy AlfalfaNorthern Best Brand II is an improved version of our regular Northern Best Brand. It is an updated blend of high qualityand highly productive varieties. Northern Best Brand II will give superior performance for hay or silage production. It is adependable winter hardy alfalfa which will produce over a wide range of soils. It is resistant to bacterial wilt, common leafspot, fusarium, phytophthora root rot, and other diseases. This alfalfa is an exceptional value and it would be in your bestinterest to plant a bag or two next to your favorite variety and compare. Northern Best Brand II is a brand, varieties notstated.Preinoculated. 135.00/50#bagNORTHERN BEST BRAND II WITH 2.5% HARVESTAR ORCHARDGRASSHigh-Yielding Alfalfa with a Touch of Late-Maturing OrchardgrassAdding a little grass into your alfalfa stand is a great way to improve yield, aid hay dry down, and fill in wet areas. The addition of grass also helps to keep weeds out as the alfalfa stand thins with time. We took a dependable and hardy top yielding alfalfa and added in 2.5% Harvestar orchardgrass, an improved late maturing variety. Harvestar matures more similarly to alfalfa and does not lose feed value as quickly as an earlier maturing orchardgrass. As with any alfalfa/grass mixture,the grass will increase and alfalfa decrease over time. Alfalfa variety not stated.Preinoculated. 137.00/50#bagHOPPER BRAND ALFALFAPotato Leaf Hopper ResistantReduce input costs for insect control without sacrificing yield or quality. A productive, hardy alfalfa variety with highexpression of potato leaf hopper resistance helps protect your crop without chemical control. Excellent disease resistancepackage. High yield and high quality producer and very winterhardy. Hopper is a brand, variety not stated.Preinoculated. 135.00/50#bagWRANGLER ALFALFADependable Producer for a Great ValueWrangler is an older variety that continues to be an excellent value. Shows resistance to bacterial, fusarium, anthracnose,and verticilium wilts, has phytophthora root rot resistance, and tolerance to pea and spotted alfalfa aphid, and potato leafhopper. High quality fine stems, good yield.Preinoculated. 122.00/50#bagWatch out for herbicide compatibility - With more complicated herbicide mixtures being used on cornand soybeans, especially with control of late season broadleaves, longer rotational restrictions mayaffect grass and legume establishment, even two crop seasons after application.Page 2

3080 MILLERSBURG BLVD. E., DUNDAS, MN 55019BEWARE OF COATED SEED — GET THE SEED THAT YOU PAID FORWhen buying alfalfa and clover seed, check the seed tag for purity. A bag of coated seed contains only 60-70% seed. Unless the coated seed costs 60-70% of the price of uncoated seed you are not getting your money’s worth. A 50 lb bag containing 70% seed and 30% lime coating is 35 lb seed and 15 lb lime. At a rate of 15lb/acre you are actually planting 10.5lb seed and 4.5 lb lime per acre (that is .00225 tons of lime/acre). We believe in selling just seed and not over-pricedfiller. Our alfalfa and clover seed is at least 98.5% pure so know exactly what you are getting: quality seed at a reasonableprice. Our alfalfa and clover seed is lightly dusted with rhizobium (nitrogen fixing bacteria) inoculum (OMRI approved).AGATE ALFALFAAlfalfa with the most Bang for the BuckThis time-tested variety offers reliable performance at a great price. Agate has the reputation of being the best alfalfa forheavier, wetter soils. Excellent resistance to bacterial wilt, phytophthora, anthracnose, fusarium wilt, and leaf diseases.Tolerance to leaf hopper. Fine stemmed and leafy, Agate is known for its quality.Preinoculated. 122.00/50#bagNORTHERN HARDY ALFALFAAlfalfa Seed Priced to SellA blend of good, productive, winter-hardy alfalfa varieties at an exceptional value. Ideal for short rotations, rentedground, or marginal land. Varieties not stated.Preinoculated. 95.00/50#bagHI-GEST 360 BRAND ALFALFAReduced Lignin AlfalfaDeveloped by Alforex through traditional (non-GMO) breeding, Hi-Gest 360 produces 7-10% less lignin for better feedintake, increased digestibility and longer harvest window. Bred into elite genetics for excellent disease and insect resistance, high yield, and good agronomics. Need to pre-order, not available for immediate pick-up. Ask for current priceRED CLOVER - High Production, Easy Establishment, Tolerant to WetRed Clover is the forage of choice if the land is too wet or too acidic for Alfalfa. Red Clover has some ofthe best seedling vigor, making it the easiest legume to have successful winter frost seeding if improving existing pasture. Red Clover is a good producing legume and makes high quality feed. Good forshort forage rotations and returns a lot of nitrogen to the soil. Plant an improved variety for persistence.Seed 10#/Acre alone or 5-9#/Acre with grass.Seeding with grass minimizes bloat potential, aids with drying.Seed early Spring or late Summer up to September 1 (Legumes require 2 months fall growth for winter survival).Seed late Winter or very early Spring for frost seeding (Very dependant on weather, does not always work well).Cut 2-3 times a season at early flower (about 25% bloom).MARATHON RED CLOVERDisease Resistance for Longer Stand LifeA very high yielding improved red clover variety. Marathon is know for its resistance to root rot and other diseases thatlimit the stand life of red clover. Out yields most other Red Clover varieties. Fast establishment. Stand life of 3-4 years.Resistance to potato leaf hopper. Improve your grass pasture by adding a few pounds.Preinoculated. 142.00/50#ARLINGTON RED CLOVERImproved Variety with High Yield and LongevityArlington is an excellent, widely used improved medium red clover variety. It has good yield and improved disease resistance which will increase longevity and productivity. High yielding and tolerant to potato leaf hopper. It will persist 2-3years and is a real producer.Preinoculated. 107.00/50#MEDIUM RED CLOVER - Common Medium Red Clover. Great for short rotations - two years production. Seedwith a grain or ryegrass to cut first year, second year 2-3 cuttings clover. Vigorous re-growth, good yield. Excellentsource of Nitrogen. Variety Not Stated.Preinoculated. 95.00/50#MAMMOTH RED CLOVER - A single cut clover used primarily as plowdown or in temporary seedings. Mammothproduces a larger first cutting than Medium Red Clover but has less re-growth. A dense stand of Mammoth will add 70150 lb Nitrogen per acre. 85.00/50#Page 3

WERNER SEED CO. 507-645-7995PASTURE LEGUMESBIRDSFOOT TREFOILNon-Bloating Legume, Ideal for Permanent PastureA remarkable pasture legume that is highly productive with excellent forage quality and no risk of bloat. Trefoil is widelyadaptable and tolerates acidic and poorly drained soils. Its tolerance to frequent grazing and ability to hold quality past maturity make it an ideal choice for rotational grazing. Periodically delay grazing to allow reseeding. Trefoil is highly nutritious with lower fiber than other legumes and with more bypass protein than Alfalfa or Red Clover. Moderate droughtand heat tolerance. Very Compatible with cool season grasses as trefoil does best growth mid summer when cool seasongrasses begin to slow. Seed 8#/Ac alone or 5#/Ac with 2-3#/Ac grass.VNS: 5.60/lbKURA CLOVERSpreading Root Clover That Lasts and LastsKura is a highly palatable, highly productive clover that makes an exceptional addition to pasture. Kura is unique in that ithas an aggressive spreading rhizominous root system that once established can be maintained permanently. Red and Whiteclovers often fade away over time, leaving grass pastures short on feed quality and short on nitrogen. Kura is slow starting,taking several years to establish, but once going is a strong producer. Highly adaptive over soil types, kura has minimaldisease and insect problems and is extremely winter hardy. Kura will cause bloat.VNS: ask13% Kura/85% Med Red Clover Mix: 3.40/lbALSIKE CLOVER Short-lived perennial (3-4 years) that tolerates wet and acidic soils better than alfalfa and slightlybetter than red clover. It is often used in a mix or with grass (mostly timothy). In a pure stand, Alsike will lodge and isdifficult to cure for hay. Alsike, like other legumes, will provide nitrogen to grass. Seed 1-3#/Ac in mix. 72.00/25#bagWHITE DUTCH CLOVER White Dutch Clover is a medium type white clover and is adapted to soils with fine tomedium texture that are well to poorly drained and is winter hardy. White Dutch Clover is almost always used in a mixwith a grass for pasture. White clover readily re-seeds itself. Do not confuse White Dutch Clover with small “wild clover”that grows in your lawn or pasture. Seed as a mixture 1-3#/Acre. 3.50/lbLADINO CLOVER Ladino is a large type of white clover– with larger leaves, longer petioles, and is more productivethan medium types of white clover. Ladino is used in pasture mixes and wildlife mixes. Deer and Turkeys love it. Ladinoestablishes well and can be very aggressive. Ladino may increase bloat hazard. Not as winter hardy as White Dutch Clover. Seed as a mixture 1-3#/Acre. 3.75/lbCRIMSON CLOVER Crimson Clover is a quick growing annual clover utilized in cover crop mixes to add nitrogento the soil. Used in the Southern U.S. as an winter annual forage, it has good feed quality. Seed late spring after frost danger is passed or mid summer early enough to allow time to get sufficient growth. Will not overwinter. Mature standcould provide nitrogen benefit of 70-130# N. Often used in cover crop mixture with oats or ryegrass along with daikonradish or turnip. Can be grazed. Seed as a mixture #5-10/Acre. 1.44/lbSWEET CLOVER A biennial clover often used as a plowdown cover crop/soil builder or for pollinators. Can beused for forage, but makes a lesser quality feed than other legumes. 1.60/lbLAWN SEEDSUNNY LAWN MIX - A blend of 60% Kentucky Bluegrass, 20% Creeping Red Fescue, and 20% Perennial Ryegrass.Ryegrass is a quick growing ‘starter’ grass that will fade away as the long-lived Bluegrass and Fescue become established.Bluegrass is the premier sod grass for lawns with its fine texture and deep green color. Our Sunny Mix has a higher percentage of Bluegrass than most lawn mixes. Creeping Red Fescue is a hardy, fine bladed sod grass that will tolerate someshade and drought. Add more Creeping Red Fescue for a shadier mixture. Varieties not stated. 62.70/25#bagAlso Available: Kentucky Bluegrass, Creeping Red Fescue, or Perennial Ryegrass sold separately.Fawn Tall Fescue and Dutch White Clover also can be added to a lawn mix.Page 4

3080 MILLERSBURG BLVD. E., DUNDAS, MN 55019CHARACTERISTCS OF LEGUMES:LEGUMEALFALFADROUGHT WET SOILEPWINTEREASE TOHARDINESS ESTABLISHGEYIELDEBLOATCOMMENTSYESNeeds well-drained soil with high levels ofpotassium and pH over 6.7 for top production. Under these conditions alfalfa is thetop yielding legume.RED CLOVERFGF-GEEYESShort-lived legume that will out yield alfalfaon soils that are wetter and more acidic.Very tolerant of insects. Very aggressiveseedlings adapted for frost seeding in latewinter/early spring. Tolerates low fertility.BIRDSFOOTTREFOILFG-EF-GFGNOTolerates a wide range of soils. Probablythe best pasture legume. Good tolerance tofrequent grazing.ALSIKECLOVERPEFGF-GYESTolerates wet, acidic soils better than otherlegumes. Can be frost seeded.LADINOCLOVERPGP-FGF-GYESGiant form of white clover. Has a higherbloat potential. Can be frost seeded. Goodtolerance to frequent grazing.WHITECLOVERPGFGF-GYESSlightly better winter hardiness thanLadino. Good tolerance to frequent grazing.SWEETCLOVEREPEGF-GYESRather coarse. Limited forage use. Usedmostly for plowdown.YESVery hard to establish. High bloat potential.Has extensive rhizomes (undergroundstems that spread). Ideal for permanentpastures. Seed Supply Short.KURACLOVERFGE Excellent toleranceEPG Good toleranceGF Fair toleranceP Poor toleranceForage Brassicas for Fall GrazingExcerpt from Article By Dan Undersander, U of WI-Madison - Forage Focus - August 2011Forage brassicas, such as rape, kale, turnips, and swedes, are high yielding, high quality, fast growing crops. Since they are able to withstandcold temperatures, they are particularly well adapted to late fall/earlywinter grazing. Tops can tolerate temperatures to 15-20 F and thebulbs are 5-10 F hardier, maintaining quality (if not heading) well intofreezing temperatures and providing grazing into Nov or early Dec.Livestock utilize the stems and leaves of rape and kale and allparts of turnips and swedes. Brassicas are a high quality forage if harvested before heading. Above ground parts have 20-25% crude protein(CP) and 65-80% total digestible nutrients (TDN). The roots of turnipsusually have 10-14% CP and 80-85% TDN. Yields of turnips rangefrom 4,000-6,000 lbs DM/ac with 2,000-4,000 lbs coming from thetops and the remainder coming from the roots.Brassicas can be grazed at any time during the summer or fall,depending on seeding date. Turnips grow fast and can be grazed as earlyas 70 days after planting. They reach near maximum production in 8090 days. Top growth to roots can vary from 90% tops/10% roots to15% tops/85% roots. Turnips can be seeded any time soil temperaturereaches 50 F until 70 days prior to a killing frost. For fall grazing, seeding should be done from mid-July through mid-August. Swedes pro-duce large edible roots and can yield more than turnips but require 150180 days to reach maximum production. Rape is a multi-stemmed cropwith fibrous roots. Stem height, diameter, and palatability vary withvariety. Yield is maximized with a 180 day growth period for manyvarieties. Kale varieties vary greatly in establishment characteristics,stem development, and time required to reach maturity. Stemless typesreach a height of about 25”; the narrow stem types reach a height of 60”with stems up to 2” in diameter. Stemless kales reach maturity in about90 days allowing a second harvest, stemmed varieties in 150-180 days.Brassica can cause animal health disorders if not grazed properly, mainly bloat, atypical pneumonia, nitrate poisoning, hemolytic anemia, hypothydroidism, and polioencephalomalcia. These can be avoidedby following these two management practices:1. Introduce grazing animals slowly (over 3-4 days). Avoid abruptchanges from dry summer pasture to lush brassica pasture. Do not turnhungry animals, that are not adapted to brassicas, into a brassica pasture.2. Brassica crops should not constitute more than 75% of the animal’sdiet. Supplement with dry hay or allow access to grass pasture.Continued on Page 6Page 5

WERNER SEED CO. 507-645-7995HAY & PASTURE - LEGUME/GRASS MIXESALFALFA 90 MIXAdd Production Power to Your Beef and Dairy Hay90% Phytophthora root rot resistant Alfalfa, 5% Harvestar Orchardgrass, 5% Cajun II Tall FescueThis mix is a strong percentage of high-yielding alfalfa with a little late maturing Orchardgrass and Tall Fescue added in.University research has shown many benefits of alfalfa/grass mixes, including greater tonnage yield and higher feed utilization, with the addition of improved hay dry down, better agronomics, and longer stand life. Orchardgrass and Tall Fescueare the most productive grasses for Southern Minnesota with very good feed value, persistence, and wide adaptability. Thismix is ideal for dairy and beef producers looking to increase forage production and improve animal performance. Cajun IIis low endophyte, high yield, and good winter hardiness.Preinoculated. 140.00/50#bagALFALFA 77 MIXHigh Quality Hay Production for Cattle and Horses77% Phytophthora root rot resistant Alfalfa, 12% Harvestar Orchardgrass, 11% Climax TimothyFor a grassier alfalfa mix we start with a high percentage of improved alfalfa, add in timothy that will perform well on wetter soils and complete it by adding Orchardgrass. We use late maturing Harvestar Orchardgrass, which will better matchthe maturity of alfalfa. Orchardgrass is a good all-around grass that has high yield, lends itself to multiple cuttings, hasexcellent re-growth and will produce well in midsummer when most cool season grasses go dormant. This mix wouldwork well for horses, as it does not contain any clover. This mix will be heavy on alfalfa the first year. As with other legume/grass mixtures, the grass percentage will increase every year.Preinoculated. 138.00/50#bagALFALFA 60 MIXAlfalfa/Clover/Timothy Mix for Greater Adaptability60% Phytophthora resistant alfalfa, 15% Arlington medium red clover, 20% Climax timothy, 5% Alsike cloverA high percentage of alfalfa plus timothy, Arlington red clover and alsike clover makes this a very productive legume-grassmixture at an economical price. This mix is well suited to fields with variable soil types and poorer drainage. If more grassis desired, brome, tall fescue, or orchardgrass could be seeded in with a nurse crop. If a higher alfalfa percentage is desired, pure alfalfa seed can be added to this mix.Preinoculated. 111.00/50#bagARLINGTON 56 MIXClover/Grass Mix Ideal For Poorly Drained Areas56% Arlington Red Clover, 20% Timothy, 12% Cajun II Tall Fescue, 12% AlsikeA high percentage of Arlington Medium Red Clover makes this a good mix for poorly drained and acidic soils. Timothywill aid in dry down. Tall Fescue handles wet soils better than most grasses. Alsike clover produces exceptionally highquality feed and produces well in wetter soils. If more grass is desired, brome, tall fescue, or orchardgrass could be put inwith the nurse crop. This grass will add yield, aid dry down, and help prevent bloat if used for pasture.Cajun II is low endophyte.Preinoculated. 103.75/50#bagForage Brassicas for Fall Grazing ContinuedGrazing can begin when the forage is about 12” tall (70-90days after planting). Graze for a short period and then remove animalsto allow regrowth. Rape may be grazed to 10” stubble height. One tofour grazing periods may occur, depending on planting date and growingconditions. Turnips may be grazed to the ground the first time and bothtops and beets grazed in the second grazing. It is usually not necessary todig the beets, unless the soil is very hard. When possible, strip grazewith a break wire in front of and behind of animals to control consump-tion, allow regrowth, prevent wastage, and conserve available DM.The forage quality of the brassicas is so high that it should beconsidered similar to concentrate feeds and precautions should be takenaccordingly. Livestock should not be hungry the first time they are puton pasture so they do not gorge themselves. A lower quality hay shouldbe made available to provide some fiber in the animals’ diet. Do notgrow brassicas in the same field for more than 2 consecutive years asdisease will build up to reduce stand and yield.Watch out for herbicide compatibility - With more complicated herbicide mixtures being used on cornand soybeans, especially with control of late season broadleaves, longer rotational restrictions mayaffect grass and legume establishment, even two crop seasons after application.Page 6

3080 MILLERSBURG BLVD. E., DUNDAS, MN 55019HAY & PASTURE - GRASS MIXESHORSE PASTURE MIXAll Grass Pasture Mix Made with Horses in Mind35% Ginger Kentucky Bluegrass, 30% Linn Perennial Ryegrass,15% Harvestar Orchardgrass, 15% Cajun II Tall Fescue (Low Endophyte), 5% Climax TimothyAll grass pasture mix based on U of MN recommendations for forage yield, horse preference, and plant persistence. Bluegrass is the most preferred and most persistent species. Ginger is a forage variety bred for higher yield. Tall Fescue andOrchardgrass are high yielding with good persistence and feed quality. Ryegrass is a quick starting grass to provide cover.Ryegrass and Timothy are highly preferred but have poor persistence. Alfalfa can be easily seeded with this mix if a legumeis desired. Cajun II is low endophyte. Seed at 25#/Acre. 135.00/50#bagGRASS HAY & PASTURE MIXAll grass mix for Haying and Grazing20% Harvestar Orchardgrass, 20% Cajun II Tall Fescue (Low Endophyte), 20% Fleet Meadow Brome,20% Linn Perennial Ryegrass, 10% Meadow Fescue, 10% Climax TimothyA mix of productive, high quality, winter hardy grasses with the flexibility to be hayed or grazed and would complimentwell with alfalfa or clover. Orchardgrass and Tall Fescue are the two most productive grass species due to their midsummer growth. Meadow Brome has increased tolerance to frequent cutting/grazing compared to Smooth Brome andalong with Meadow Fescue has superior feed quality and winter survival. Perennial Ryegrass will come quickly to givehigh-quality growth establishment year. Fertilize with nitrogen if not using with a legume. Use with Alfalfa for haying,add Red Clover, White Clover, Kura Clover, or Birdsfoot Trefoil for grazing. 130.00/50#bag4-WAY GRASS MIXAll grass mix for Waterways and More30% Smooth Brome, 30% Low Endophyte Tall Fescue, 30% Perennial Ryegrass, 10% Climax TimothyAn all-purpose, all grass mix. Use it for pasture, waterways and terraces, or in ditches and around buildings with limitedmowing. Adaptable to many soil types. Will respond well to nitrogen; for best production add 40 lbs a season if notgrown with a legume. Alfalfa or clover seed can be added if legume is desired. Varieties not stated. 51.00/25#bagOrchardgrass Maturity: Why it mattersExcerpt from article By Ray Smith, Hay & Forage Grower, March 2018Every forage producer knows that maturity is the most importantfactor in determining forage quality. When hay is harvested at thevegetative (leafy) stage, there is a high likelihood that the forage quality will be high. Grass stands harvested at the boot stage (before seedhead emergence) will have increased yield over vegetative stands, butthe quality is lower. Usually though, boot stage harvests provide agood compromise between yield and quality. The quality of grassstands continues to decline as the seedhead emerges especially afteranthesis (pollen shed) and as the seed starts developing.The issue becomes more complicated with grass/legumemixes, especially difficult determining when to make first cutting.The goal is to take alfalfa at the late-bud stage and the orchardgrass atthe boot stage. Many orchardgrass varieties are early maturing, producing seedheads before alfalfa reaches the late-bud stage. The simplesolution is to choose late-maturing orchardgrass varieties, but this canbe easier said than done. Many companies sell late maturing varieties,but it is often hard to determine what is meant by “late maturing” froman advertisement. A recent paper in Crop, Forage, & TurfgrassManagement by Joe Robins and other researchers provides useful information about orchardgrass maturity and also shows why it can bedifficult to choose late-maturing varieties adapted to your region.In the study, 13 varieties were tested across four years atsites in Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Utah, Virginia, and Wisconsin tocompare maturity, yield, stand survival, disease rating, spring regrowth, and fall regrowth. The varieties were chosen to include thefull range of maturity from very late to very early. Some varietieswere consistently later than others, but just because a variety is labeledas late maturing, it may not be. Pennlate, developed as a late-maturingvariety in PA, was actually in the middle of the pack. Barlegro,Dascada, Excellate SA, andMaturity RatingHarvestar were consistently theVarietyWI *latest maturing. Only BAR DGL2.31GRL and Persist were consistently BAR DGL 1GRLBarlegro2.2in the earliest group.Benchmark Plus2.4Where each varietyCrownRoyale2.2ranked for maturity varied fromDascada2.6state to state. Some varieties wereExcellateSA2.0early maturing in one state– PotoHarvestar2.1mac in VA, but then late maturingPennlate2.2in another state—Potomac in PA.Persist2.7The most important finding is thatPotomac2.6maturity is highly dependent onPrairie2.6location, and it is important to seekProfit2.3out information from trials in yourQuickdraw2.4state or region before choosing aLSD0.3variety for your farm.*1 very late, 4 very earlyPage 7

WERNER SEED CO. 507-645-7995FORAGE GRASS - For Pasture, Silage & Hay. Alone or with LegumesORCHARDGRASS - A productive perennial forage grass, easy to establish and adapted to moderately well drainedsoils, but will tolerate some flooding. It has moderate heat and drought tolerance. Orchardgrass has similar growth andyield distribution to alfalfa, and it will produce during the hot and dry part of summer when most grasses are dormant.When cut at early stage, Orchardgrass has good feed value (after flowering, its quality rapidly deteriorates). Orchardgrasstolerates repeated harvesting and has rapid re-growth making it a very valuable pasture species. When used with alfalfa forhay, a late variety like Harvestar is needed.1-5#/Acre with LegumeHarvestar (late maturity): 198.00/50#bag 100.25/25#bagPotomac (early maturity): 131.00/50#bag 67.50/25#bagTALL FESCUE - An easy to establish, high yield perennial forage grass adapted to a wide range of soil conditions. TallFescue tolerates low fertility, acidic, poorly drained, and droughty soils. Growth pattern is complimentary to alfalfa andproduces good fall growth. It tolerates close grazing and continuous stocking. Winter hardiness is equal to Orchardgrass.Like most grasses, Tall Fescue responds well to nitrogen fertilizer. Tall Fescue is easily the most overlooked and underutilized forage grass. Endophyte (an internal fungus) infected tall fescues have poor palatability and animal health issues,and should be avoided. Cajun II is a high yielding, low endophyte variety.Cajun II: 99.00/50#bag2-8#/Acre with LegumeFawn: 72.00/50#bagMEADOW FESCUE - A high quality, cool season perennial bunchgrass for pasture and hay. Exceptionally good foragequality and palatability. Very winter-hardy and drought tolerant, Meadow Fescue also tolerates moderate wet soil. Willnot yield as well as Tall Fescue or Orchardgrass, but works extremely well in managed intensive grazing systems. University research has shown Meadow Fescue makes a good addition to alfalfa and grass hay mixtures. Does best growth undercooler temperatures. Responds well to nitrogen.VNS: 120.00/50# bagSMOOTH BROMEGRASS - Smooth Bromegrass is palatable over a wide range of maturity. It is hardy, disease resistant, long-lived, and a high yielder, especially in the spring and early summer. Yield tends to drop off in midsummerand pick up again by early fall. It is a sod former and has a vigorous root system which makes it highly desirable for waterways and conservation projects. It is widely used in mixtures with legumes for pasture, hay, and silage. When used in apasture mixture, a fast recovery grass such as Orchardgrass should be included to increase grass content. Smooth Bromegrass persists best when rotationally grazed and responds well to nitrogen fertilization.15#/Acre alone or 3-6#/Acre with LegumeVNS: 111.00/50#bag 68.00/30#bagMEADOW BROMEGRASS - A close relative of Smooth Bromegrass, Meadow Bromegrass is a long-lived perennialsuited to upland soils and is an excellent pasture grass. Meadow Bromegrass has better tolerance to frequent harvestingand better summer growth compared to Smooth Brome. Meadow Bromegrass works well with alfalfa as it is not as aggressive spreading. Meadow Bromegrass will persist best with rotational grazing and responds well to nitrogen fertilization.15#/Acre alone or 3-6#/Acre with LegumeFleet: 144.00/50#bag 88.00/30#bagCLIMAX TIMOTHY - Timothy is a very hardy cool season bunchgrass grown mostly in mixtures with red clover, alfalfa, trefoil, and other grasses. Timothy is adapted to soils with fine to medium texture that are poorly drained. Timothywill tolerate acid soils but has low tolerance to heat and

WERNER SEED COMPANY 3080 MILLERSBURG BLVD. E. DUNDAS, MN 55019 507 - 645 - 7995 WINTER, 2020 Lower Prices on Most Forages - Good Time to Replace or Add Hay Acres Due to excessive seed production, declining demand, and poor spring seeding weather the past few years alfalfa, grasses and most forage seed are lower priced.