UTAHDRIVER HANDBOOK2021– 2022THIS HANDBOOK IS AVAILABLE AT dld.utah.govDepartment of Public SafetyDriver License DivisionPO Box 144501Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-4501801.965.4437; 888.353.4224dld.utah.govScan QR code to schedule appointmentSpencer J. Cox, GovernorState of UtahJess L. Anderson, CommissionerDepartment of Public SafetyChris Caras, DirectorDriver License Division
STATE OF UTAHUTAH DRIVER HANDBOOKAAMVA MODEL NON-COMMERCIALThis handbook is a collaborative effort between AAMVA and the Utah Driver License Divisionand contains the rules which should be followed when operating any vehicle on Utah roads.The operator of a bicycle must obey the same rules of the road, and has the same rights andduties as the operator of a motor vehicle or other vehicle. Front cover image of the San RafaelSwell courtesy of Ryan Williams.For additional driver license information and forms visit our website at dld.utah.gov. Please beaware of imitator sites that do not end in .gov.Help conserve our natural resources. When you are finished with this book, please pass it on toa friend.Test your knowledge on the rules of the road with our online practice written knowledge test atdld.utah.gov.Driver License Division (DLD) Services: Driver License (Class D), Commercial Driver License (CDL), Driving Privilege Cards (DPC),Limited-Term Driver License, Identification Cards, Limited-Term Identification Cards, Endorsements (CDL, Taxi, Motorcycle) Utah Driving Records (MVR) Reinstatement Fees Driver Review Exams Voter Registration Organ Donor RegistrationNote: All Driver License services require an appointment. Visit our website at dld.utah.gov toschedule.
NEW 2021 LAWSEffective May 5, 2021Driver Education AmendmentsHB18—This bill amends the term of a learner permit from one year to 18 months and modifies rules requiring driver education observation hours.Sobriety Program ExpansionHB26—This bill expands the 24-7 sobriety program statewide to avoid suspension of the individual’s driver licensein certain circumstances.Traffic Code AmendmentsHB69—This bill amends the traffic code to clarify the law with regards to a turn signal and objects that might obstruct a driver’s view.Off-Highway Vehicle AmendmentsHB111—This bill amends provisions related to the operation of off-highway vehicles by allowing an individual under 18 years old to operate an off-highway vehicle under certain conditions.Cyclist Traffic AmendmentsHB142—This bill amends traffic code provisions relating to operating a bicycle on the roadway by allowing an individual operating a bicycle to yield at stop signs under certain circumstances.Driver License Suspension AmendmentsHB143—This bill amends provisions related to suspension of an individual’s driver license that will prohibit the suspension of an individual’s driver license by the Driver License Division based solely on the individual’s failure topay certain fines.State Identification AmendmentsHB352—This bill amends provisions related to fees and application processes for a state-issued identification credential by a person who is homeless.Driver License and State Identification Card AmendmentsSB14—This bill amends provisions related to application for a state identification card by amending the provisionrelated to the application requirements and process for a state identification card. A person who no longer qualifies for a driver license for failure to meet requirements in 53-3-304 or makes a personal decision to permanentlydiscontinue driving may submit an application through electronic means, or by mail. This bill will also require theDriver License Division to waive the application fee for a state identification card in certain circumstances.Driver License Suspension RevisionsSB180—This bill amends driver license suspensions for certain drug related offenses to circumstances in whichthe court finds that a driver license suspension is likely to reduce recidivism and is in the interest of public safetyand removes driver license suspension requirements for certain offenses related to custodial interference.
DRIVER LICENSE HISTORYInteresting facts about the Utah Driver License Division The Bureau of Driver License Services was created on January 1, 1934, when Utah officially adopted the “UniformOperator’s and Chauffeurs’ License Act.” (Prior to this, the State of Utah had no driver license law.) This act required that “every operator of a motor vehicle shall not drive any motor vehicle upon a highway in thisstate unless such person was licensed to do so.” Originally, the Bureau of Driver License Services was an agency within the State Tax Commission. The first license in Utah was issued on December 5, 1933. It cost 25 and was good until revoked. It was printed inblue on white paper. The application card was 6” x 3½” and only asked for name, address, brief description, a few questions and a signature. No examination was given until January 1935, when the eye test, written knowledge test, and an occasional drivingskills test was given. The “good-until-revoked” licenses were issued until December 31, 1935. Beginning January 1, 1936, the law was changed to have the driver license expire three years after issuance (not onthe birthdate.) The fee was still 25 . One of the biggest changes came in 1951 when the Bureau of Driver License Services moved from the State TaxCommission and became an agency within the Department of Public Safety. In 1980, the state decided to reward “good drivers” by developing a system for the applicant to renew their driverlicense through the mail. The Driver License Division began issuing a commercial driver license in 1989. The Driver License Division began offering more online services including MVRs and appointments. January 2010, the citizens of Utah started a 5-year process that required all Utah drivers to bring in their identification documents once again. This process was a beginning step to meet the licensing practices for the Federal REALID Act. January 2010, the renewal-by-mail program was suspended. February 13, 2013, the Driver License Division was notified by the Department of Homeland Security that Utahmeets the licensing practices of the Federal REAL ID Act. April 2013, the renewal-by-mail program was reinstated and renewal-by-internet was a new service. May 2015, the Driver License Division began offering online CDL MVR services to authorized drivers and employers. In 2016, the Driver License Division stopped conducting driving skills test on an enclosed range. All driving skillstests are performed on public roads. March 2017, tablets were implemented to score driving skills tests rather than paper. December 2018, Utah is the first state in the country to have a blood alcohol concentrate of .05. January 2020, driver license renewals extend from a 5-year renewal to an 8-year renewal. July 2020, the Division transitioned to an appointment based system. Until then appointments were available butwalk-in customers were the primary process when customers visited our offices.Did you know the Driver License Division is not part of the DMV?Our friends at the DMV (Department of Motor Vehicles, under the Utah State Tax Commission) can assist you at801.297.7780 or dmv.utah.gov.
THE TOP FIVE LEADING CAUSES OF ALL CRASHES ON UTAH HIGHWAYS1. Following too Closely 21%2. Speed 11%3. Failed to Keep in Proper Lane 9%4. Improper Lane Change 3%5. Disregard Traffic Signals 3%THE TOP FIVE LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH ON UTAH HIGHWAYS1. Failed to Keep in Proper Lane 21%2. Speed 17%3. Failed to Yield Right-of-Way 14%4. Ran Off Road 6%5. Disregard Traffic Signals 4%THE TOP FIVE LEADING CAUSE OF CRASHES ON UTAH HIGHWAYS (TEENAGERS 15-19)1. Following Too Closely 25%2. Failed to Yield Right-of-Way 19%3. Speed Too Fast for Conditions 13%4. Failed to Keep In Proper Lane 10%5. Improper Turn 5%THE TOP FIVE LEADING CAUSE OF CRASHES ON UTAH HIGHWAYS (Age 65 )1. Failed to Yield Right-of-Way 28%2. Following Too Closely 15%3. Failed to Keep In Proper Lane 10%4. Improper Turn 7%5. Improper Lane Change 7%Information based on 2017 statistics provided by the Utah Department of Public Safety’s Highway Safety office. Thepercentages are for the top five causes. To see all causes for crashes and fatalities, please visit: highwaysafety.utah.gov.
UTAH DRIVER HANDBOOKTable of ContentsSection I. Your Driver LicenseA. Definitions . 1B. Licensing Requirements . 2C. Driver License Compact . 3D. Obtaining a Driver License . 3E. Driver License Certificate . 3F. Driver License Examinations . 4Section VII. Rules of the RoadA. Yielding Right-of-Way . 17B. Traffic Controls . 17C. Traffic Signals . 17D. Traffic Signs . 17E. Pavement Markings . 19F. Other Lane Controls . 19Section II. Driver Education and Learner PermitsA. Driver Education . 5B. Learner Permit . 5C. Driving by Minors Restrictions . 6D. Driver License Fees. 6Section VIII. General DrivingA. Turning . 21B. Traffic Roundabouts . 21C. Single Point Urban Interchange . 21D. Changing Lanes . 21E. Intersections . 22F. Entering a Multi-Lane Highway . 22G. Ramp Meters . 23H. Freeway Driving . 23I. Passing . 23J. Exiting a Roadway . 24K. Parking . 24L. Two and Three Point Turns . 25M. U-Turns . 25N. Stopping . 25Section III. Driver LicenseA. License Types . 7B. Endorsement/Restrictions . 7C. Identity and Residency Requirements . 8D. Out-of-State Driver License . 11E. Renewal, Duplicate, Lapsed/Expired. 11F. Address Change . 11G. Motorcycle Endorsement . 11H. Identification Card. 11Section IV. Ready to DriveA. Fatigue . 12B. Driver Distractions . 12C. Aggressive Driving. 12Section V. Before You DriveA. Adjusting Your Seat . 13B. Adjusting Your Mirrors . 13C. Safety Belts and Car Seats . 13D. Air Bags . 14Section VI. Getting StartedA. Starting the Engine . 15B. Hand Position . 15C. Backing . 15D. Signaling . 15E. Speed . 16Section IX. Managing Time and SpaceA. Seeing What’s Critical . 27B. Managing Speed . 27C. Adjusting for Road Conditions . 27D. Stopping Distance . 27E. Managing Space . 27F. Communicating . 28Section X. Avoiding CrashesA. Defensive Driving . 29B. Emergencies and Avoiding Crashes . 29C. Vehicle Problems . 30Section XI. Sharing the RoadA. Pedestrians . 31B. Bicycles . 31C. Motorcycles . 33D. Large Vehicles . 34E. Emergency Vehicles . 34
F.G.H.I.Police/Traffic Stops. 35Slow Moving Vehicles. 35Pedestrian Vehicles . 35Mobility Vehicles . 35Section XII. Driving ChallengesA. Night Driving . 36B. Highway Work Zones . 36C. Rural Roads . 36D. Trip Planning . 37E. Winter Driving . 37F. Skidding . 38G. Tornados . 38H. Lightning . 38I. Flooding . 38J. Driving in Very Hot Weather . 38K. Distracting Situations . 39L. Vehicle Submerged Underwater. 39M. Mountain Driving . 39N. Runaway Vehicle Ramps . 39O. Desert Driving . 39P. Avoiding Collisions with Animals . 40Q. Railroad Crossings . 40R. Vulnerable Users of the Highway . 41S. Special Considerations . 42T. Street Legal All-Terrain. 42Section XIII. How to Prepare for Your Driver LicenseA. Written Knowledge Test . 43B. Driving Skills Test . 43C. Driving Maneuvers. 43D. Safe Driving Tips . 45E. Test Vehicle Requirements . 46Appendix A. Optional InformationA. Organ Donation . 47B. Voluntary Contributions . 47C. Emergency Contact Database. 47Appendix B. Identity FraudA. Identity Fraud Prevention/Detection . 48Appendix C. Crashes and InsuranceA. Financial Responsibility Law . 48B. Insurance Coverage . 48C. Involved in a Crash . 49D. Release of Crash Information . 49E. Financial Responsibility Act . 49Appendix D. Special Subjects and InterestsA. Physical Health Problems . 51B. Mental and Health Conditions . 51C. Review Examination . 52Appendix E. License Revocation and Suspension,Alcohol, Point System, Driving RecordsA. License Revocations . 53B. License Suspensions . 53C. Driving and Using Alcohol or Drugs . 54D. Drinking Driver/Drug User . 54E. Boating While Under the Influence . 55F. Underage Drinking . 55G. Alcohol-Restricted Driver . 55H. Ignition Interlock Restricted Driver . 55I. Implied Consent Law . 56J. Impound of Vehicle . 56K. Driving Denied/Suspended/Revoked . 56L. Altered or Fictitious License . 56M. Point System . 56N. Driving Record (MVR) . 57Appendix F. Vehicle Registration . 58Appendix G. RV’s and Large VehiclesA. Sharing the Road with Truck and LargeVehicles . 59B. Size and Weight Regulations . 59C. Posting of Registered Gross LadenWeight . 60D. Equipment . 60E. Driving Rules . 62F. Convoys, Caravans, and Motorcades 62G. Tire Fires . 62H. Clearances . 63I. Cold Weather and Your Brakes . 63J. Backing . 63Appendix H. Your Car and Clean AirA. Reduce Pollution . 64B. Avoid Unnecessary Driving . 64C. Maintain Your Car Properly . 64Appendix I. Pedestrian SafetyA. Slow Down, Be Aware, And Alert . 66B. When You are Driving . 66C. Pedestrian Stats . 66
Sample Test QuestionsA. Written Knowledge Test Sample . 67Office LocationsA. Back of handbook .
Section 1—Your Driver LicenseThis handbook condenses or paraphrases the actual language of the Utah Code. Officers of the courts are guided by the full text and exact language of the law, ratherthan the Utah driver handbook.DEFINITIONSAssumption of Financial Responsibility—an adultsigning for liability for civil damages caused by a minor when operating a motor vehicle.Bicycle—a wheeled vehicle propelled by human powerby feet or hands acting upon pedals or cranks, with aseat or saddle and designed to be operated on theground. Wheels are NOT less than 14 inches in diameter. Bicycle includes an electric assisted bicycle.Blind Spots—the area of roadway that can’t be seen withmirrors while operating a vehicle.Cancellation—termination of a driver license issuedthrough error, fraud, or upon application for a stateissued driver license or ID card, or for which necessary consent has been withdrawn.Careless Driving—a person operating a motor vehicle isguilty of careless driving if the person commits two ormore moving traffic violations within a single continuous period of driving or commits a moving traffic violation while being distracted by one or more activitiestaking place within the vehicle that are not related tothe operation of a motor vehicle, including searchingfor an item in the vehicle or attending to personal hygiene, or grooming.Commercial Driver License (CDL)—a license whichallows the holder to drive a vehicle with a GVWR of26,001 lbs. or more, or designed to transport 16 ormore passengers, hazardous materials, doubles/triples, bulk liquids (tankers), or school buses.Denied—withdrawal of driving privilege.Dependent—a spouse and any unmarried children underthe age of 21.Disqualification—a temporary or permanent withdrawalof a commercial driver license.Division—the Driver License Division of the Departmentof Public Safety.Driving Privilege Card—the evidence of the privilege todrive a motor vehicle in Utah which was obtainedwithout providing proof of lawful presence in theUnited States.Farm Tractor—every self-propelled vehicle designed andused primarily as a farm implement of husbandry.Head Checks—checking your blind spot by turning yourhead and looking over your shoulder in the directionyou plan on moving.Highway—the entire width between property lines of every way or place as a matter of right for vehicular travel.License—the privilege to drive a motor vehicle.License Certificate—the evidence of the privilege todrive a motor vehicle.Limited-Term CDL—the evidence of the privilege todrive a commercial motor vehicle which was obtainedby providing proof of lawful presence in the UnitedStates by an individual who is not a U.S. Citizen, aU.S. National, or a Legal Permanent Resident Alien.Limited-Term Driver License—the evidence of the privilege to drive a motor vehicle which was obtained byproviding proof of lawful presence in the UnitedStates by an individual who is not a U.S. Citizen, aU.S. National, or a Legal Permanent Resident Alien.Limited-Term Identification Card—an identification cardissued to a person who provided proof of lawful presence in the United States by an individual who is nota U.S. Citizen, a U.S. National, or a Legal PermanentResident Alien.Low Speed Vehicle—a four-wheeled electric motor vehicle designed to be operated at speeds of not morethan 25 miles per hour and that has a capacity of notmore than four passengers, including the driver. “LowSpeed Vehicle” does not include a golf cart or offhighway vehicle.Mobility Vehicle—a vehicle used by a person with aphysical disability which meets the specifications outlined by the Division and can be operated on a publicroadway, within appropriate restrictions and by anindividual who holds a valid Mobility Vehicle Permit.Mobility Vehicle Permit—a permit issued by the Divisionwhich grants authority and specifies the conditions fora person with a physical disability to drive a mobilityvehicle on a public highway.Motor Vehicle—every self-propelled vehicle, except motorized wheelchairs, electric personal assistive mobility device and vehicles moved solely by human power.Motorcycle—a motor vehicle, except farm tractors, having a saddle for the use of the rider, and designed totravel with not more than three wheels in contact withthe ground.Operator—a person who is in actual physical control of amotor vehicle.Pedestrian Vehicle—any self-propelled conveyance designed, manufactured, and intended for use of persons with a physical disability. The vehicle must notexceed 48 inches in width, have an engine in excessof 300 cubic centimeters (or 12 brake horse power),or be capable of exceeding 30 m.p.h.
Personal Motorized Mobility Device—a self-propelleddevice with two non-tandem wheels in contact withthe ground, a system of steering and stopping the unitunder typical operating conditions, a motor not exceeding one horse power of 750 watts, and a deckdesign for a person to stand while operating the device.Private Passenger Carrier—any motor vehicle for hirethat is designed to transport 15 or fewer passengers,including the driver and operated to transport an employee of the person that hires the motor vehicle.Provisional License—a Utah license issued to any person under 21 years of age.Regular CDL—the evidence of the privilege to drive acommercial motor vehicle which was issued to a U.S.Citizen, a U.S. National, or a Legal Permanent Resident Alien.Regular Identification Card—an identification card issued to a U.S. Citizen, a U.S. National, or a LegalPermanent Resident Alien.Regular License Certificate—the evidence of the privilege to drive a motor vehicle which was issued to aU.S. Citizen, a U.S. National, or a Legal PermanentResident Alien.Revocation—termination of the privilege to drive a motorvehicle. Obtain a driver license or register a motorvehicle in Utah. Obtain privileges not extended to nonresidents, including school tuition. Are gainfully employed in Utah. (This doesnot apply if you are on a temporary assignment in the state.)persons who do not need a Utah driver license: Non-residents licensed by another state orcountry may drive in Utah if they are at least16 years of age. Non-residents licensed by another state orcountry that are temporarily assigned by anemployer, religious or private organization, orgovernmental entity. Non-resident military service personnel anddependents who are temporarily assigned inUtah may drive if they have a valid out-ofstate or out-of-country driver license.persons who may not have a Utah driver license: If you are under the required age of 16. If your driving privilege is denied, suspended,revoked, or disqualified in Utah, or any otherstate. Street-Legal All-Terrain—an all-terrain type I or utilitytype vehicle, modified to operate on highways.If you are unable to understand highwaysigns in the English language. Suspension—temporary withdrawal of the privilege todrive.If you are physically or mentally unable todrive safely. If you have not passed the required examinations. If you have a traffic citation or other warrantwhich has not been settled. If you are not a resident of the state. If you are under 18 years of age, and havenot held a learner permit for six months.School Bus—commercial motor vehicle used to transportpre-primary, primary, or secondary school students toand from home and school, or to and from schoolsponsored events.Taxicab—a Class D motor vehicle transporting any number of passengers for hire and which is subject tostate or federal regulations as a taxi.Vehicle—a device by which any person or property maybe transported upon a highway except devices usedexclusively on stationary rails or tracks.LICENSING REQUIREMENTSEvery resident of Utah who drives a motor vehicle on thehighways (any public roadway) must have a valid Utahdriver license, learner permit, or temporary driving permit.persons become residents if they: Enter the state with the intention of makingUtah their home. Remain in the state for a period of six monthsor more during any calendar year.Persons are not required to obtain a driver license to driveroad rollers, road machinery, or farm tractors on Utahhighways if the person is driving the vehicle in conjunctionwith a construction or agricultural activity.Visitors with a valid out-of-state or out-of-country driverlicense may drive in Utah for up to six months.2
DRIVER LICENSE COMPACTUtah is a member of both the Driver License Compact(DLC) and the Non-Resident Violator Compact (NRVC.)The DLC provides guidelines for greater cooperationamong members in driver license matters. Among otherthings, member jurisdictions exchange driver records andforward convictions for traffic offenses to the driver’shome state. Forty-five states, plus the District of Columbia (Washington D.C.), are members of the DLC. Statesthat are NOT members of the DLC are: Georgia, Massachusetts, Wisconsin, Michigan and Tennessee.The NRVC provides for members to forward notices fromtheir courts when an out-of-state driver has failed to comply with the terms of a traffic citation.The driver’s home state will suspend the driver’s privilegeto drive until it receives satisfactory evidence that the driver has complied with the terms of the citation in the member’s state.This compact also facilitates release of out-of-state driverswho are cited by law enforcement, instead of incarceratingthem or requiring posting of bond. Forty-four states, plusthe District of Columbia (Washington D.C.), are membersof the NRVC. States that are NOT members of the NRVCare: Alaska, California, Michigan, Montana, Oregon andWisconsin.OBTAINING A DRIVER LICENSEIt is always unfortunate when people spend time and gasto come to one of our offices only to find out that they cannot be helped for some reason. Here are some hints toavoid having that happen to you: Double check that you have all the correctdocumentation before visiting a driver licenseoffice, including your booking number for yourscheduled appointment.All documents must be an original or a certified copy by the issuing agency. Faxed orphoto copied documents will NOT be accepted.All documents are subject to department review and approval. Additional informationmay be required.Any name variation from your identity document must be accompanied by legal authorizing documentation. Identifying the updatedinformation (marriage, divorce or court order.) In some cases, document approval may NOToccur in the same day and may require anadditional visit. All documents provided to the Division will beimaged and stored in a secure database andwill be returned to the applicant. Arrive on time for your scheduled appointment to complete processing, including takinga written knowledge test. More time may berequired if you need to take a driving skillstest. We cannot guarantee completion of required processing after closing time. Driving skills tests (including motorcycle skillstests) are given by appointment only. Drivingskills tests will not be given when conditionsexists that could create unsafe driving. Thoseconditions include bad weather and vehiclesthat are not registered or are unsafe, (i.e.,broken windshield or no safety belts.) Learners who wish to take a driving skills testmust be accompanied by a licensed driver. Although you may pay for your driver licenseby check, credit card, or cash there are a fewthings you should know. Checks must bemade payable to the Department of PublicSafety and must be in the correct amount.We cannot cash payroll or two-party checks.If your check is returned by the bank, you willbe required to pay a 20 service charge, ifyou wish to keep your driving privilege.For additional information on acceptable documentation,please visit dld.utah.gov/required-documentation/.An appointment must be scheduled for all services by visiting our website at dld.utah.gov. Note: If you schedulean appointment outside of the correct service, for example, a driving skills test scheduled under renewal, yourscheduled appointment may not be able to be fulfilled andyou may have to reschedule under the correct service.DRIVER LICENSE (CERTIFICATE)obtaining a driver license certificate requires: Certificate of driver education completion, orhave a “clear” license status from anotherstate or country. Assumption of financial liability. Acceptable proof of identity and legal/lawfulpresence in the United States. Two acceptable documents as evidence ofyour Utah residence address. Acceptable proof of your full social securitynumber, or proof of ineligibility to obtain a social security number as a result of legal/lawfulpresence status. Payment of applicable fees. Completion of driver license application.3
Eye examination. Written knowledge/driving skills test. Photo.DRIVER LICENSE EXAMINATIONSWhen you are ready to take the driver license writtenknowledge test, schedule an appointment by visiting ourwebsite at dld.utah.gov.the written knowledge test will include: Road signs—you may be shown severalcommon road signs and asked to identify whatthey mean. Written knowledge test questions—you willbe asked to answer a number of true or falseand multiple choice questions based uponinformation in this handbook, including: theclass of license you are applying for, safe driving practices, driving and traffic laws, and license sanctions.You are allowed to take two written knowledge tests perday, providing the Division can facilitate the testing. If anapplicant needs to return to the offi
Driver License Division State of Utah PO Box 144501 Jess L. Anderson, Commissioner Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-4501 Department of Public Safety 801.965.4437; 888.353.4224 Chris Caras, Director dld.utah.gov Driver License Division Scan QR code to schedule appointment THIS HANDBOOK IS AVAILABLE AT dld.utah.gov UTAH DRIVER HANDBOOK