NationalPorts StudySeptember 2022

DisclaimerThe information contained within the report has been researched and included in good faith. Gavin &Doherty Geosolutions makes no representation or warranty, whether express or implied, in relationto the accuracy or completeness of the information contained herein nor shall we be liable for anyloss or damage resultant from reliance on same.AcknowledgementsThe National Port Study has been funded by the following organisations: Belfast Harbour, DP Energy,ESB, Inis Offshore Wind, Ocean Winds, Ørsted, RWE Renewables and Source Energie. Wind EnergyIreland would like to thank the funders for their contribution which has allowed for completion of thestudy. Engagement from the funders within the Port Study Working Group has been invaluable tocompletion of the research and finalisation of the study reporting.Study Funding Group:National Port Studyi22079-R-001-04

Document ControlProject Title:Report Title:Document reference:National Port StudyWind Energy Ireland22079-R-001-04Client:Wind Energy IrelandUltimate Client:N/AConfidentiality:No specific confidentialityEssential Requirements:N/ARevision01Date01/09/22Authored:S GibsonChecked:W BrownApproved:D O’LoanRevision02Date05/09/22Authored:S GibsonChecked:W BrownApproved:D O’LoanRevision03Date14/09/22Authored:S GibsonChecked:W BrownApproved:D O’LoanRevision04Date16/09/22Authored:S GibsonChecked:W BrownApproved:D O’LoanNational Port Studyii22079-R-001-04

Table of ContentsDisclaimer. iAcknowledgements . iExecutive Summary . 1Locations Considered . 2Conclusions . 2Key Recommendations . 41Introduction . of Industry . Considerations & Constraints . 35Quantitative Criteria. 37Fixed Requirements . 38Floating Requirements . 38Port Questionnaire Study . 417. . 27Other Uses of ORE Specific Infrastructure . 28Marshalling Ports. 29Fixed-Bottom Wind . 29Floating Wind . 30Substructure Fabrication and Assembly . 30Turbine Staging . 32Mooring Equipment . 33Floating Wind Maintenance . 33Overview of Floating Wind Processes . 33Port Infrastructure Requirements. 356. from the UK . 24Supply Chain & Workforce . 24Government Support & Current Policy . 26Role of Ports . Irish Projects . 21Anticipated Timescales . 22Opportunities for Ireland . Foundation Variation. 10Floating Wind Foundation Variation . 12Turbine Evolution . 15Vessels for Component Transfer and Construction . 17Fixed-Bottom . 17Floating . 18Offshore Wind in Ireland . 193.13.24Context of the Assessment . 6Objectives . 8Report Scope . 8Methodology for Study . 41Pre-screening of Ports. 41Selected Ports . 43Questionnaire Distribution . 45Port Profiles . 45National Port Studyiii22079-R-001-04 Infrastructure Assessment . 739. Marine Civil Project Timescales. 87Timescales for Completion . 87Summary of Overall Assessment . 9412.112.213Overview of Development Plans . 79Funding Sources . 80Assessment of Proposed Infrastructure . 81Conclusion from Assessment of Proposed Infrastructure . 85Proposed Infrastructure – Fixed . 85Proposed Infrastructure – Floating . 85Assessment of Redevelopment Proposals Progress & Timescales . 8711.111.212Conclusion from Assessment of Existing Infrastructure . 77Existing Infrastructure – Fixed . 77Existing Infrastructure – Floating . 78Proposed Development Plans . 7910.110.210.310.410. Port . 46Belfast, D1 . 48Belfast, Harland & Wolff . 50Bremore Port . 52Rosslare Europort . 54Cork Dockyard . 56Port of Cork . 58Shannon Foynes . 60Foynes Island . 64Moneypoint . 65Port of Galway . 67Ros An Mhíl . 69Killybegs . 71Existing Infrastructure Summary . 94Proposed Infrastructure Summary . 95Conclusions and Recommendations . 13.3.7Conclusions . 97Summary of Conclusions . 99Recommendations . 101Government Support for Funding . 101Clarity on Timescales . 102Roadmap to 2050 and Net Zero . 103Continued Engagement and Collaboration . 103Planning and Consent Resourcing and Prioritisation . 104Support for the Supply Chain and R&D . 105Summary of Recommendations . 107References . 109Appendix A - 2022 Wind Energy Ireland Port Questionnaire. 113National Port Studyiv22079-R-001-04

ABPAIBAir ISTEMTEN-TWEIWTGNational Port StudyAn Bord PleanálaAllied Irish BanksDistance between the water level and the highest point on vesselThe maximum width of a vessel or the other body that enters the portBelfast Harbour CommissionersClimate Action Plan 2021Connecting Europe Funding FacilityConstruction Support VesselDepartment of Agriculture, Food and the MarineDepartment of Environment, Climate Action and CommunicationsDrogheda Port CompanyDoyle Shipping GroupEuropean Investment BankFinal Investment DecisionFloating Offshore Wind Manufacturing Investment SchemeGravity Base Structure (Foundation Structure)Grid Connection AssessmentHeavy Lift VesselHarland & WolffIrish Maritime Development OfficeIrish Ports Offshore Renewable Energy ServicesIreland Strategic Investment FundInternational Ship and Port Facility Security CodeLowest Astronomical TideLocal Enterprise PartnershipsLocal Enterprise ZonesLevelised Cost of EnergyLength overall (Vessel Length)Maritime Area ConsentMaritime Area Planning ActMonopile (Foundation Structure)Operation and MaintenanceOffshore Renewable EnergyOffshore Renewable Energy Development Plan IIOffshore Renewable Electricity Support SchemeNational Marine Planning FrameworkProgramme for GovernmentPort of CorkRoll-on/roll-off (Platform Ramp)Sustainable Energy Authority of IrelandShannon Foynes Port CompanySelf-Propelled Modular TransportSystem Operator for Northern IrelandScience Technology Engineering & MathematicsTrans-European Transport NetworkWind Energy IrelandWind Turbine Generatorv22079-R-001-04

Executive SummaryThere is vast potential for the development of offshore wind in Ireland, with the sea area equivalentto seven times the land mass [1]. Despite this, the offshore wind sector has been slow to materialisewith only one wind farm, the Arklow Bank Wind Park Phase 1, currently operational. Offshore Winddevelopment was previously impeded by significant legislative and consenting hurdles, in addition toconstraints with the existing grid infrastructure. The Climate Action Plan 2021, published by the IrishGovernment, stated a target for 80% of electricity to be generated by renewables by 2030, with 5 GWattributable to offshore wind. The target was recently increased to 7 GW as part of the agreement onSectoral Emissions Ceilings, with the CAP to be updated later in 2022 to reflect the changes [2]. Theserecent green energy targets will act as a stimulus for the development of the offshore wind industryin Ireland. The positive changes to the legislative system for consenting introduced by the signing intolaw of the MAP Act (Maritime Area Planning) and likely improvements to the grid infrastructure inIreland will support the aspirations of the Climate Action Plan. The targets have been recognisedacross the energy sector with a significant number of offshore wind projects planned in Irish waters.With the offshore wind industry in Ireland gaining momentum, consideration is needed for thepractical aspects of how these large-scale offshore installations will be delivered. Port infrastructureis widely recognised as an area requiring attention. Ports and suitable port infrastructure are key tothe successful delivery of offshore wind projects, with all turbine components and foundationstransported through these gateways. Port locations serve as a link between marine and landsideactivities and often become a hub for supply chain activity. Whilst it is well recognised that portsperform several critical functions within the offshore wind industry, there is a significant lack ofsuitable port infrastructure across Europe and particularly within Ireland at present.The purpose of this document is to provide a synthesis of Irish port infrastructure, with a focus onthose ports that are suitable, or have the potential to be made suitable, to support the marshalling ofoffshore renewable energy projects. Ports across the entire island of Ireland were considered(Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland). The study considered the existing infrastructure and thegaps which need to be addressed to ensure Ireland can deliver the projects required under the ClimateAction Plan and the Programme for Government.The port study has been completed by Gavin & Doherty Geosolutions (GDG) on behalf of Wind EnergyIreland (WEI). The study has been funded by an advisory group made up of the following organisations:Belfast Harbour, DP Energy, ESB, Inis Offshore Wind, Ocean Winds, Ørsted, RWE Renewables andSource Energie. The involvement of the wider group has allowed for engagement and collaborationbetween GDG as consultants undertaking the study, several established offshore developers and anactive port operator with experience of hosting staging and marshalling activities.The scope of the work addresses infrastructure requirements for the facilitation of port staging andmarshalling facilities and assesses suitability for both fixed and floating wind.National Port Study122079-R-001-04

Locations ConsideredThe following locations were considered within the study and have been assessed on the basis of theexisting and proposed infrastructure.Figure 0-1: Ports Considered Relative to Proposed Irish ProjectsConclusionsThe following conclusions were deduced on completion of the assessment:1. Belfast Harbour’s D1 facility is the only existing facility which can accommodate staging andmarshalling of fixed-bottom projects of the scale anticipated.2. Port of Cork’s Ringaskiddy has potential to serve as a staging port for either foundations orturbines (but not both) but is restricted by loading capacities. Port of Cork have indicated thatinfrastructure plans targeting the ORE industry will be detailed within the 2022 Masterplan duefor release later this year. Additional infrastructure would improve the already considerablefacilities at Ringaskiddy and reduce the potential competition for use of the terminal.3. Harland & Wolff and Larne appear to have some suitability to serve as staging ports, however thisis largely dependent upon vessel selection due to limitations on draft and quay lengthrespectively.4. There are no existing facilities suitable to allow for manufacture and staging of floating windprojects in Ireland. D1 and Harland & Wolff at present could potentially offer assembly of modularNational Port Study222079-R-001-04

floating units but are restricted for turbine staging due to air draft constraints and limited wetstorage potential. The reduced draft within the Harland & Wolff Building Dock and approachwould also limit the suitability of the facility to be used for turbine mating.5. Several new facilities will be required to meet the demand on staging ports (in addition to thesuitable facilities at D1) given that several projects may be under construction simultaneously.This considers the near future 2030 target and the 2050 Net Zero ambitions. Without investmentin Irish port infrastructure, offshore projects in Ireland will likely be serviced from UK or Europeanports.6. Several ports have indicated development plans suitable to accommodate the deployment offixed-bottom installations. Locations which have plans suitable for fixed-bottom installation are:Bremore, Cork Dockyard, Moneypoint, Rosslare and SFPC Foynes Island.7. Several ports have indicated development plans suitable to accommodate the manufacture,assembly and staging of floating installations. Moneypoint and SFPC Foynes Island have thepotential to accommodate manufacture (depending upon final footprint), assembly and staging.With Cork Dockyard’s plans suitable for staging of most types of substructure, wet storage maybe an issue if proposed at Bantry Bay given the significant tow distance. The wet storage areasproposed by Cork Dockyard would likely be suitable for steel substructures only given the waterdepths. The locations most suitable for floating wind are located on the west and south coast.8. The indicative timescales outlined for port infrastructure development are in some cases quiteambitious. Consenting and planning phases of the marine infrastructure proposals will be ofcritical importance to the timely delivery of operational port facilities.9. The local supply chain will require development if the several new port facilities materialise,particularly when considering floating wind. The identification of several suitable portinfrastructure proposals around the coast could provide a significant level of regionaldevelopment if the plans are realised.10. Significant investment is required for ports to realise the development plans proposed, with allthe large-scale redevelopment plans indicating cost estimates north of 100 million. With severallocations relying on CEF funding to support the developments and considering the responses tothe first round of applications, funding will likely be critical to the successful delivery of thedevelopment plans considered.National Port Study322079-R-001-04

Key RecommendationsConsidering the conclusions of the assessment, the following points are made as recommendationsfor the successful delivery of the required port infrastructure. Where recommendations require actionfrom a certain body or organisation, the relevant organisation has been identified:Table 0-1: Summary of National Port Study RecommendationsItemRecommendationReasoning & Details of Proposed Action1.Irish Governmentsupport for portlocations pursuingdevelopment plansto serve the arityontimescalesandprocesses for keymilestone eventsand decisions (ORESS, GCA, etc)from Governmentlevel.Acceleratedpublication of keyGovernmentstrategydocumentsoutliningtheroadmap beyond2030 and towardthe Net Zero goalof yauthorities, agementfor collaborationbetween ports toensure successfuldelivery of IrishProjects.Active support from the Irish Government would serve to helpde-risk the level of upfront investment for port authorities andplug any funding gaps which may exist. Government led supportcould be in the form of direct funding from the exchequer, a lowinterest loan scheme or access to funding vehicles such as theISIF (Ireland Strategic Investment Fund) and EIB (EuropeanInvestment Bank). Port StudyGovernment Body orOrganisationDepartmentofTransport, Departmentfor Public Expenditureand Reform.Clarity on timescales and processes would provide assurance toboth developers and port authorities that timescales beingpursued are sensible. This would provide clarity and addconfidence to the commercial viability of port infrastructureplans.Department of theEnvironment, Climateand Communications.At present there is significant emphasis on the near future 2030goals and the fixed-bottom opportunity. It is less clear how the2050 Net Zero goal will be reached and what this may mean interms of volumes of offshore wind and other related activities.Additional clarity on the route beyond 2030 will facilitateplanning for the required level of infrastructure and strengthenthe case for port development.Department of theEnvironment, Climateand Communications.Facilitation of continued dialogue between developers,statutory authorities, port authorities and other relevantstakeholders will ensure all parties are aware of the currentstate of play. To facilitate this, it would be proposed that theport co-ordination group is expanded to include industrypersonnel and port authorities seeking to serve the offshorewind market.DepartmentTransport.Given the likelihood that multiple Phase 1 and Phase 2 projectsmight be under construction at the same time, smaller portsshould be encouraged to co-operate and work together tocompete for the opportunity to provide construction services.To aid in encouraging collaboration, it would be proposed thatan Irish port platform is established for ports seeking to servethe ORE sector in Ireland. Such a grouping would allow forknowledge transfer between port locations and provide aplatform for discussion of challenges and opportunities.Wind Energy Ireland.422079-R-001-04of

6.Properly resourcetheplanningsystemandprioritiseapplications fromports for ORErelatedinfrastructure.Government commitment to a streamlined consenting andplanning system will ensure delays to decision making periodsdo not detrimentally impact project programmes andcompletion dates for port facilities. It is proposed that theDepartment for Housing, Local Government and Heritageprioritise foreshore licence applications from ports targeting theORE sector (in addition to applications from developers). Thiswould aid in the timely delivery of operational facilities.Additionally, increased levels of resourcing for the Departmentfor Housing, Local Government and Heritage and ABP wouldhelp to alleviate the delays which have been seen previously,largely attributed to staffing issues.Given the national importance of the climate targets, it wouldbe further suggested that the Minister for Housing, LocalGovernment and Heritage instruct ABP to prioritise planningapplications from port locations seeking to accommodate theORE industry.Department for Housing,Local Government andHeritage,AnBordPleanála.7.Supplychainsupport to ensureIreland can serviceas much of theindustryaspossible.Enterprise Ireland andthe Department ofEnterprise, Trade andEmployment,Department of Furtherand Higher larly withinthe floating windsector.Significant work has already been done by Enterprise Irelandwith the formation of offshore specific clusters. It isrecommended that this is continued with engagement betweenclusters and working groups encouraged to allow foridentification of opportunities and synergies. Governmentsupport is recommended to allow new players to enter themarket (through grants supporting new technologies or training,or creation of ORE local enterprise zones).Government promotion and incentivisation of STEM careers isalso suggested to help address the skills gap.Government support for research & development isrecommended to aid the development of an Irish supply chain.Particularly for the emerging floating wind sector which will becritical for reaching the 2050 Net Zero ambitions and could makea significant contribution to our 2030 targets. Continuedresearch and development will ensure commercial scaledeployment is viable and provide certainty for ports pursuingfloating wind specific infrastructure. Funding and support for theresearch and development phase will help to refine much of thefledging technology required for floating wind.National Port Study5Enterprise Ireland andthe Department ofEnterprise, Trade andEmployment.22079-R-001-04

1IntroductionThe offshore wind sector in Ireland is starting to gain increased momentum with the Maritime AreaPlanning (MAP) Act signed into law on 23 December 2021 and the Department of Environment,Climate and Communications (DECC) publishing the timeline for the first Offshore RESS (O-RESS)auction with a revised date of April 2023. These major milestones provide a consenting frameworkand route-to-market for the first round of offshore wind projects. With consultation recentlyconcluded for defining the Phase 2 project strategy, the wider industry can see a pathway to achievingthe updated offshore wind target of at least 7 GW of offshore wind energy by 2030.Attention is urgently needed on the practical aspects of how these projects will be delivered. Portinfrastructure remains an area of concern. To achieve Ireland’s ambitious offshore wind targets it willbe necessary to build multiple projects simultaneously and there is simply insufficient portinfrastructure currently available to facilitate this.Ports can serve as a hub for suppliers to congregate and can act as a catalyst for upskilling andupscaling of maritime businesses to become key suppliers to the offshore wind sector. The positiveimpact of dedicated ORE Ports on growing the supply-chain has been seen in many mature offshorewind markets (eg. Esjberg in Denmark and the Port of Nigg in Scotland). To facilitate port upgradesaround the country, the status of the existing infrastructure needs to be established and the potentialfor this infrastructure to service the offshore wind sector understood.The purpose of this document is to provide an assessment of Irish ports suitable, or with the potentialto be made suitable, to support the construction of offshore wind projects. The study will considerthe existing infrastructure as it stands and the gaps which need to be addressed to ensure Ireland candeliver the projects required under the Climate Action Plan and the Programme for Government. Thestudy and reporting considers the infrastructure requirements for the facilitation of port staging andmarshalling facilities and assesses suitability for both fixed and floating wind.The port study has been completed by Gavin & Doherty Geosolutions on behalf of Wind Energy Ireland(WEI). The study has been funded by an advisory group made up of the following organisations: BelfastHarbour, DP Energy, ESB, Inis Offshore Wind, Ocean Winds, Ørsted, RWE Renewables and SourceEnergie. The involvement of the wider group has allowed for engagement and collaboration betweenGDG as consultants undertaking the study, several established offshore developers and an active portoperator with exper

Arklow bank wind farm construction in 2003, handling 20 shipments of wind turbine blades and towers for assembly and subsequent deployment to Ireland's only offshore wind farm project to date. Proximity of supply chain Several offshore companies within 15 minutes from the port offering training, fabrication and repairs. Craneage capabilities